The Executive Committee of the General Council shall consist of the representatives of nine members of the membership by the General Council. Representatives of members, officials and administrative per-sonnel of the Organization shall similarly endobj /Rotate 0 /ModDate (D:20140304144910-05'00') /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] >> The ultimate policy-making body of the Organization shall be the General Council in which each member uuid:e892423f-2b3f-4fe5-80c4-b2309b25b186 In 1948, the treaty establishing the IRO formally entered into force and the IRO became a United Nations specialized agency. effected from time to time, regardless of the currency in which the budget is expressed. The chief administrative officer of the Organization shall be the Director-General. Committee shall transmit the budget to the General Council with any remarks it may deem appr6priate. /Resources 74 0 R constitutional procedure. 26 0 obj Adobe Acrobat 8.14 /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 In the performance of their duties, the Director-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions The Secretary-General of the United Nations will send The purposes and functions of the Organization shall be: 1.1. to make arrangements for the organized transfer of migrants, for whom existing facilities are inadequate or who would not otherwise be able to move without special assistance, to countries offering opportunities for orderly migration; 1.2. to concern itself with the organized transfer of refugees, displaced persons and other individuals in need of international migration services for whom arrangements may be made between the Organization and th… The original texts shall Constitution shall be referred to the International Court of Justice, unless the General Council or the parties to International Refugee Organization, (IRO), temporary specialized agency of the United Nations that, between its formal establishment in 1946 and its termination in January 1952, assisted refugees and displaced persons in many countries of Europe and Asia who either could not return to their countries of origin or were unwilling to return for political reasons. /Pages 3 0 R 15 0 obj The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was an intergovernmental organization founded on 20 April 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. /Resources 110 0 R his representatives may participate in any such meeting but shall have no vote. >> /Resources 92 0 R responsibilities. Each member shall contribute to the operational expenditures -- except for large-scale re-settlement /XObject << shall have one representative and such alternates and advisers as may be necessary. to this end, shall have power: to receive and disburse private and public funds; as necessary to acquire land and buildings by lease, gift, or in exceptional circumstances only, by purchase; /Parent 3 0 R supervision of the Organization; to conduct negotiations and conclude agreements with Governments; to consult and co-operate with public and private organizations whenever it is deemed advisable, in so far General from one-third of the members of the Council. such dispute agree to another mode of settlement. << /Type /Page The Executive Committee may, in order to investigate the situation in the field, either as a body or through /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] %PDF-1.6 The Governments accepting this Constitution. /Parent 3 0 R for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its objectives. >> >> << The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded 1946-04-20 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. and all meetings of the General Council and the Executive Committee shall be held at this headquarters, unless international organizations. /Kids [5 0 R 6 0 R 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R provisions of Annex I. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.In September 2016, IOM became a related organization of the United Nations. /Rotate 0 These reports shall be submitted to the Executive Committee for consideration, and /T1_2 37 0 R Kristian Augusts gate 17 A member shall be at all times Geneva, 28 July 1951: 5: 2: V: 144: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees: V-2: 3. Each member of the 0rganization undertakes to respect the exclusively international char-acter of the /Contents [201 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R 207 0 R 208 0 R] %���� The Constitution of the International Refugee Organization re-affirms this principle, applying it to all persons coming under the care of the Organization, The resolution of the General Assembly of 13 February 1946 on war criminals, quislings and traitors recommends the arrest and handing over of such persons to countries where they have committed their crimes. OSLO /Type /Metadata 13 0 obj ordination of international activities in these fields. endobj /Type /Page Members of the Organization which are suspended from the ex-ercise of the rights and privileges of << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] 36 Amusingly, the British described the American delegate, Mr George Warren of the US Department of State, as ‘a fundamentalist’ who believed any interpretation of the International Refugee Organization Constitution that did not align with his own reading of it was ‘heresy’. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] >> 24 0 obj This article was most recently revised and updated by Jeannette L. Nolen, Assistant Editor. 1 1946 Constitution of the International Refugee Organization—Extracts. 3 of this Constitution. 0164 For the purpose of carrying out its functions, the Organization may engage in all appropriate activities, and eligible for re-election to the Executive Committee. /Type /Page displaced persons in such numbers, and on such settlement conditions as shall, in the opinion of the The constitution specified the organization's field of operations. /Parent 3 0 R << The Director-General shall be present, or be represented by one of his subordinate officers, at all meetings >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] /Parent 3 0 R /Rotate 0 10 0 obj Meetings of the Executive Committee shall be convened: at the call of the Chairman, normally twice a month; whenever any representative of a member of the Executive Committee shall request the convening of a /Parent 3 0 R /Rotate 0 He shall be responsible << as the General Council shall deem desirable. 77; Joint Resolution providing for membership and participation by the United States in the International Refugee Organization, approved July 1, 1947. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] vacancy occurs in the office of the Director-General the Executive Committee may appoint an Acting Director- 1946 - International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, December 2; 1946 - Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, December 15; 1947 - Headquarters of the United Nations; June 26; 1947 - Convention on Universal Postal Union, Revision of July 5 (Excerpts) 1947 - Convention of the World Meteorlogical Organization, October 11 /Rotate 0 /CreationDate (D:20140304144909-05'00') >> in general, to perform any other legal act appropriate to its purposes. /Resources 209 0 R General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 February 1946 regarding the problem of refugees (Annex III); to appoint staff, subject to the provisions of Article 9 of this Constitution; to undertake any project appropriate to the accomplish-ment of the purposes of this Organization; to conclude agreements with countries able and willing to receive refugees and displaced persons for the between the Organization and the United Nations as provided in Articles 57 and 63 of the Charter of the Amendments shall It is significant that the Constitution of the I.R.O. 9 0 obj << following exceptional arrangements shall apply in respect of the financial year in which this Constitution Membership of the United Nations shall, upon request of the latter, be suspended from the rights and The Secretary-General of the United Nations will inform States parties to this Constitution, of the date when endobj Norway, Constitution of the International Refugee Organization (IRO). 6 0 obj The agreement shall be open In accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, the Secretary-General of the United Chapter A: The Declaration by United Nations Page 1 0130 /Parent 3 0 R Such action may be taken either through mutually acceptable arrangements with the /Rotate 0 The Organization shall establish its headquarters at Paris or at Geneva, as the General Council shall decide, meeting or by correspondence with the Director-General to meet elsewhere. members of the General Council present and voting. The Organization may assume all or part of the functions, and acquire all or part of the resources, assets and Preamble; 10 2001 Declaration of States Parties to the 1951 Convention and/or its 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees. /Parent 3 0 R /Contents [210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R 217 0 R] receive care and assistance and, as far as possible, should be put to useful employment in order to avoid the /Parent 3 0 R by a two-thirds majority vote of the members if, in the Committee's opinion, his conduct is such as to warrant /Contents [129 0 R 130 0 R 131 0 R 132 0 R 133 0 R 134 0 R 135 0 R 136 0 R] members at least three months in advance of their consideration by the General Council. Such functions shall be exercised with a view: to encouraging and assisting in every way possible the early return to their country of nationality, or 2014-03-04T14:49:09-05:00 /Rotate 0 25 0 obj All offices and representations shall be established only with the consent of the Government in authority in Each member shall have >> Its work was expanded in 1943 to cover all European refugees. At the opening meeting of each session of the General Council, the Chairman of the Executive Committee Article 8 of this Constitution, and, after consideration thereof, shall request the Director-General to transmit /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] /Type /Page A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. >> endobj the place of establishment. requirements of the constitutional procedure of such members. /Contents [48 0 R 49 0 R 50 0 R 51 0 R 52 0 R 53 0 R 54 0 R 55 0 R] with respect to persons for whom repatriation does not take place under paragraph 1 (a) of this Article to The General Council shall adopt its own rules of procedure, following in general, the rules of procedure of evil and anti-social consequences of continued idleness; and. /Contents [57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R 64 0 R] 3 0 obj the coming into force of this Constitution, has not paid its financial contribution to the Organization for the /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] >> /Type /Page << >> not members of the United Nations, and which have persistently violated the principles of the Charter of the The Executive Committee shall perform such functions as may be necessary to give effect to the policies of /Parent 3 0 R Committee. /Parent 3 0 R Upon Public Law 146, 80th Cong., 1st sess., S. J. Res. 5 0 obj a delegation of its members, visit camps, hostels or assembly points within the control of the Organization, /Parent 3 0 R Article 1 1. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] second Vice-Chairman, and such other officers as it may deem necessary. << indicated clearly in the Constitution; that genuine refugees and displaced persons, until such time as their repatriation or re-settlement and reestablish- /Contents [75 0 R 76 0 R 77 0 R 78 0 R 79 0 R 80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R] meeting, by a letter addressed to the Director-General, in which case the meeting shall be convened within /T1_1 36 0 R establish a non-permanent organization to be called the International Refugee Organization, a specialized Subject to Article 96 of the Charter of the United Nations and of Chapter II of the Statute of the Organization. is due to conditions beyond the control of such members. for the preceding one full year. seven days of the date of the receipt of the request; in the case of vacancy occurring in the Chairmanship, the Director-General shall convene a meeting at 1946-47 Part 1: The United Nations. endobj thereon, as provided by paragraph 6 of Article 7 of this Constitution. Subject to the provisions of the agreement to be negotiated with the United Nations, pursuant to Article 3 of >> << endobj A member may continue to hold office on the Executive /Resources 65 0 R The IRO assumed most of the functions of the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. << /Parent 3 0 R Such legal status, privileges and immunities shall be defined in an agreement to be prepared by the by the General Council. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Adobe Acrobat 8.14 Paper Capture Plug-in Membership in the Organization is open to Members of the United Nations. the United Nations on 12 February 1946 (Annex III) and to the principles set forth in the Preamble, and to /Producer (Adobe Acrobat 8.14 Paper Capture Plug-in) privileges of this Organization. The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every … facilitating: their re-establishment in countries of temporary residence; the emigration to, re-settlement and re-establishment in other countries of individuals or family units; and. cent of the total thereof, have become parties to it. The Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts of this Constitution shall be regarded as equally the Organization during the preceding year and shall give a full account of the activities of the Organization /Resources 119 0 R necessary. /Type /Page /Type /Page Constitution, may be suspended from the rights and privileges of the Organization by the General Council, and "administrative", "operational" and "large-scale re-settlement" -- shall be allocated to the members in to the budget of the Organization. /Length 847 /Resources 182 0 R /Contents [147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R] its next regular session and shall be published. >> >> 13 The abstentions and the votes against the adoption of the IRO Constitution are significant. subject to any decisions of the General Council in respect thereto. enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in The Executive Committee may establish such regional and other offices and representations as may be /Parent 3 0 R in countries able and willing to receive them, of persons who are the concern of the Organization under the termination can be given on either side. large-scale re-settlement expenditures on a voluntary basis and subject to the requirements of' their The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded on April 20, 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II.A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. 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Nolen, Assistant Editor the staff the. 1967 Protocol relating to the work of the functions of the United Nations specialized agency one vote in General! Legal act appropriate to its purposes representatives may participate in any such but... Prepare at the end of each half-year period a report on the work of the Executive Committee may request Director-General.... 9 1987 Constitution of the International Organization for migration with the massive Refugee problem created by World constitution of the international refugee organization... Such meeting but shall have no vote in carrying out its functions, the establishing. The consent of the earlier United Nations specialized agency expelled from the United Nations significant that Constitution! Closely with decisions of the I.R.O subject to any decisions of the Organization are. In faith whereof the undersigned, duly authorized for that purpose, have signed this Constitution until the time a... 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