Philippine is the world’s second-largest archipelago which consists of more than 7,000 islands. English as a lingua franca (ELF) When the concept of English as a lingua franca was first discussed by teachers, academics, writers and trainers, it was controversial. Discuss the goals and critical tasks of the EFA 2015 Plan of Action. Standards and assessment in the 2010 English curriculum for high school: A Philippine case study. What is mother-tongue based multilingual education? 3. Use of content in the structures of English and Children’s Literature in English will be included. Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowed it to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino people. Today’s complex challenges—from stemming the spread of disease to preventing conflict—cannot be tackled neatly in isolation. Bautista, M. B. Consequently, language policies for Philippines‘ schools have fluctuated greatly over the the maintenance of English as an international language for the Philippines and as a non-exclusive language of science and technology. The goal of communicative language teaching is to teach real-life communication skills. 4 0 obj ELE policies have been beset with issues of alignment and coherence in the areas of curriculum and assessment, as well as challenges in the implementation of genuine reform. (Eds.). Duran, et al. By constitutional mandate, the public educational programs are financially supported by the national government. Th… Discuss the forerunners of the present basic education curriculum. Goals of language teaching can be divided into external goals that relate to actual second language (L2) use outside the classroom and internal goals that relate to the educational aims of the classroom itself. (Liu, 2003; Rivers, 1978). The goal is to help him acquire knowledge, skills and morals. The K-12 Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum is anchored on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching and assessing principles. The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. Waters, A., & Vilches, M. L. C. (2008). Objectives • Be familiarized with the Curricular Framework in teaching English in the K to 12 • Plan students activities integrating language skills found in the English Language curriculum guide 4. The ‘first language’ bridge to Filipino. Free public school system was established during the first decade of American rule. ELE in the Philippines, which began during the American colonial period in the nineteenth century, has been found wanting in significantly contributing to increased learning outcomes among Filipino students. ), Bautista, M. C., Bernardo, A., & Ocampo, D. (2008/2009). In M. L. Bautista (Ed. Such revamp involves a review of the effectiveness of English language education (ELE) in the country, which may be described as currently at a crossroads, as stakeholders strive to address issues of developing the English language competencies of Filipino students on the one hand, and the strengthening of academic achievement on the other. The chapter is divided into five major parts, namely, (1) overview of the Philippine educational system; (2) ELE from the American colonial period to Martial Law; (3) Bilingual education and educational reforms from 1974 to 2010; (4) Mother-tongue based multilingual education (MTBMLE) and the K to 12 reform; and (5) prospects and possibilities for ELE in the Philippines. <> (1996). (1999). The principal aim of Spain in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. Communicative language teaching began in Britain in the 1960s. stream Walter, S. & Dekker, D. (2008). Difficult tasks in teaching Filipino children in two or three languages: Some suggested solutions. BPO revenues to overtake OFW remittances in 2017-IT expert. The national language of Philippine is English next to Filipino and its uniqueness has a great impact on its education system. �G�����P[Z�I���5�. (1990). Articles about learning, using and teaching the English language, including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various authors and contributors. (2010, October 5). The Philippines was colonized by the Spaniards for more than three centuries. With this bill, the Philippines will adopt a K-12 cycle to ensure that students are prepared to go to university by the time of graduation from grade 12. Standard-based assessment and grading in K to 12 education in the Philippines. In M. L. S. Bautista & G. Tan (Eds.). Cite as. Martin, I. P. (2005). As the lead UN development agency, UNDP is well-placed to help implement the Goals through our work in some 170 countries and territories. These components of education are essential to the making of the educated person. 25, s. 1974. Intawong, P., & Lertromyanant, W. (n.d.). In. (1999). Exploring assessment reform policy and implementation in Philippine public schools. Retrieved from, Bureau of Public Schools. A youthful populace helps make the Philippines an economic bright spot in Asia. Abstract— The research will be focusing on the goals of language teaching and learning. The Philippines is using a bilingual medium of instruction. Factors affecting ELT reforms: The case of the Philippines basic education curriculum. Dekker, G., & Dekker, D. (2008, February 2). Nolasco, R., Datar, F., & Azurin, A. In this chapter, we make a case for Philippine ELE that strives to address the demands of the international community, but also upholds local culture through the use of the mother tongues. Dekker, D. (2010). Misplaced emphasis on English. ƍ��Sb Question • How is the teaching of English different in the K to 12 as compared in the previous curriculum (RBEC)? Filipino and English shall be taught as language subjects in all levels to achieve the goals of bilingual competence. 2.1 Goal of Language Teaching and Learning It is important for teachers and learners to understand the goal of language teaching and learning, as well as how to achieve it. Define what a curriculum is and its role in Philippine basic education. With more than 7000 islands and 181 distinct languages (Lewis, Simons, & Fennig, 2013), the Philippines offers a challenging environment for implementing a language policy that can serve the whole country. Filipino and English shall be used as media of instruction, the use allocated to specific subjects in the curriculum as indicated in the Department Order No. A postscript to teacher education. Education became a very important issue for the United States colonial government, since it allowed it to spread their cultural values, particularly the English language, to the Filipino people. Gonzalez, A. When reforms don’t transform: reflections on institutional reforms in the Department of Education. Colonial education and the shaping of Philippine literature in English. The Bilingual Language Policy in the country's education system seeks to attain Filipino and English competence at a national level through their use as media of instruction at all levels. (2014). DepEd Discussion Paper. The language planning situation in the Philippines. The integration of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015, as well as the United Nation’s call for Education for All (EFA) by 2015, has pushed the Philippine government to revamp the country’s educational system. Technologically speaking, the present education gives comprehensive articulation of thoughts to survive from this global challenge. UNESCO-Philippine Educational Foundation. fluency in the English language in listening, reading, writing, speaking, and viewing. Wiley Online Library Lucía Loureiro-Porto, Grammaticalization of semi-modals of necessity in Asian Englishes, English World-WideEnglish World-Wide. Funding for public education comes from the national government.For the academic year 2017–2018, about 83% of K–12 students attended public schools and about 17% either attended private schools or were home-schooled. %���� Plata, S. (2013). In D. T. Dayag & J. S. Quakenbush (Eds.). 1 0 obj <> Many refused to consider how the concept of English as an international language might fit into course materials and language teaching. This chapter provides an overview of how ELE in the Philippines is evolving – learning from past mistakes and preparing for the future. Instead of uniting our people it created an elite class of English-speaking pro-American leaders from select families that traditionally ruled over the country. 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