When it comes to strength and power, the female Harpy Eagle is in a league of her own. But in some birds of prey, the female can be half as heavy as the male. The Philippine Eagle comes in third place. With 42.2″ from tip to tail, the Harpy Eagle is the world’s largest eagle followed very closely by the Steller’s Sea Eagle with 41.3″. This eagle lived in the South Island of New Zealand, and became extinct around 1400. The birds can grow to 36-40 inches. The Martial and Crowned Eagles weight 3.06 kg and 3.4 kg, respectively, on average. The female can be as much as twice as heavy as her mate. Additionally, the adult eagle’s talons grow up to 5 inches (13 cm). 1995. The Harpy Eagle comes in fourth place in the wingspan category. Male weighs 4 kg to 5.5 kg and females can weighs from 6 kg to 9 kg, it is one of the tallest eagle in the world. In terms of weight means heaviest goes to Stellers Sea Eagle. 3rd Stellers Sea Eagle – Its the worlds heaviest Eagle on average but often lags behind the Philippine Eagle and Harpy Eagle in some other measurements. Auk. In overall ranking it beats the black eagle, bald eagle, golden eagle and wedge tailed eagle in total size and weight. If you can imagine a bird with all these characteristics, you can imagine a Harpy Eagle. Australia’s largest bird of prey, the Wedge-tailed Eagle, comes in third place. harpy eagle Weight 10. Birds, Bird-Feeding, Bird-Identification, Bird-watching. The Harpy Eagle has short and round wings, suitable for life inside dense tropical forests where it has to maneuver through dense vegetation. With a wingspan of up to 2 meters, it’s a … It has a wingspan of about 5.8 – 7.5 ft. The average prey size of a Harpy Eagle prey is 5.3 kg (11.6 lb). Haast’s eagle (Harpagornis moorei) – the longest talon reached 9 – 11 cm of length. It was almost twice as big as the Harpy Eagle with a bodyweight of approximately 15 kg (lb). Up close, these weapons are enough to disquiet even the most composed person. Given the small difference in length between these two eagles, the Harpy Eagle and the Steller’s Sea Eagle are practically tied in the first place. In a more distant third place comes the Philippine Eagle. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. As is often the case with birds of prey, females are larger than males. Emmy Award Winning Documentarist Neil Rettig, Former BBC Manager and Naturalist Sir David Attenborough, Famous American Aviator Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Norita Scott-Pezett of Audubon-Panama Harpy Eagle Foundation, a BirdLife International Global Council member (1999-2004), Dr. Robert Kennedy at the Harvard University Museum of Natural History in Boston. Source: In terms of total size the largest is Philippine Eagle. The harpy eagle is one of the world's largest birds of prey. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fa7ffcd58d6298e 81(3): 257–273. In the wingspan category, though, the Harpy Eagle falls to fourth place among the world’s largest eagles. (Dr. Kennedy is the principal author of the book A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines. Hawk-Eagles of the tropics come to mind. Mesurements used to compare the Harpy Eagle with other eagles are:Weight – Female: Average: 8.3 kg (18.2 lb), Length Male and Female: Average: 96.7 cm (32.3″), Wingspan: Male and Female: Average: 203.5 cm (67.8″), Weight – MaleRange: 4-4.8 Kg (8.8-10.6 lb)Average: 4.4 kg (9.7 lb)Maximum: 4.8 kg (10.6 lb), Length Male and FemaleRange: 86.5-107 cm (28.8-35.6 lb)Average: 96.7 cm (32.3″)Maximum: 107 cm (35.6″)Wingspan: Male and FemaleRange: 183-224 cm (61-74.6″)Average: 203.5 cm (67.8″)Maximum: 224 cm (74.6″), Weight – FemaleRange: 7.6-9 Kg (16.7-19.8 lb)Average: 8.3 kg (18.2 lb)Maximum: 9 kg (19.8 lb). Steller’s Sea Eagle. Looking at the current data the Philippine eagle is the largest eagle that has a massive height of 3.4 feet whereas it’s near competitors, the harpy and steller’s sea eagles are a bit smaller with a length of 3.2 feet for harpy and 3.1 Photo: Andreas Weith/Flickr/CC by 2.0, Wedge-tailed Eagle. To compare power among eagles that hunt live prey, perhaps one would need to use the ratio of eagle’s body weight to the average weight of the prey they regularly take. Source: Understanding Eagle Weight, Length, and Wingspan. Their imposing size and razor sharp claws make them a perfect killer. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4irYqe5yjcE. The Harpy Eagle does not regularly soar. Harpy Eagle is the most robust built eagle a reason why most people claimed it as the most powerful eagle in the world.Its talin size is comparable to a Grizzly Bear Claw. Christopher Helm, London, UK. The female Harpy Eagle regularly hunts for sloths, monkeys, and other medium-sized arboreal mammals. The even smaller but aggressive (and powerful?) The key to judging an eagle’s length in the field is to watch it for several minutes, so the bird shows more than one posture and provides a better idea of its actual length. You raise a good point when you bring up the Martial and Crowned Eagles. The wingspan of an eagle is correlated to the wing function and the environments where an eagle lives. Growing up to five inches long, a harpy eagle’s claws are comparable to a grizzly bear’s. The golden creature is real! There … A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Male and FemaleMaximum: 107 cm (42.2 in)Average: 96.7 cm (38.1 in)Range: 86.5-107 cm  (34-42.1 in), FemaleMaximum: 105 cm (41.3 in)Average: 95 cm (37.4 in)Range: 85–105 cm (33.4-41.3 in), FemaleMaximum: 104 cm  (41 in)Average: 92.5 cm  (36.4 in)Range: 81–104 cm  (31.8-41 in). It turns out that Pikachu exists in more than just Pokémon video games. A perched eagle preening itself with the feathers fluffed in a relaxed posture may appear bulkier but shorter. The feet on a large female are easily as large as a human hand, tipped with four almost comically long, black claws that unfurl into a dangerous grappling hook—the largest talons among any eagle. harpy eagle size 8. Measurements of male and female Harpy Eagle. Some ideas that may help explain such difference include: Some ornithologists propose that the difference in size among raptors allows them to hunt prey of different sizes, therefore not competing for the same prey. This huge and truly stunning variety of raptor also ranks as one of the largest species of eagle found anywhere on earth.Some confusion does … Fowler, J.M., and Cope, J.B. (1964). Size and Weight: The harpy is one of the largest species of eagle. But they are smaller. The Philippine Eagle hunts mostly Flying Lemurs and Palm Civets and, to a lesser extent, small monkeys, squirrels, bats, and rats. Online Guide to the Birds of Peru. Harpy Eagle Wing Span Photo: Sascha-Wenninger/Flickr/CC by 2.0, White-tailed Eagle. A burst of fast flight maneuvering through dense forest requires short and rounded wings.The Philippine Eagle lives in similar tropical forests and uses a similar hunting technique. It is well established that captive birds are heavier than wild birds. 13. Harpy eagle was nominated as a Natural sciences good article, but it did not meet the good article criteria at the time. FemaleMaximum: 9 kg (19.8 lb)Average: 8.3 kg (18.2 lb)Range: 7.6-9 Kg (16.7-19.8 lb), MaleMaximum: 4.8 kg (10.5 lb)Average: 4.4 kg (9.7 lb)Range: 4-4.8 Kg (8.8-10.5 lb), FemaleMaximum: 9 kg (19.8 lb)Average: 7.9 kg (17.4 lb)Range: 6.8-9 kg (15-19.8 lb), MaleMaximum: 6 kg (13.2 lb)Average: 5.45 Kg (12 lb)Range: 4.9-6 kg (10.8-12.2 lb), Male and FemaleMaximum: 8 kg (17.6 lb)Average: 6.4 kg   (14.1 lb)Range: 4.7-8 kg    (10.3-17.6 lb). MEASUREMENTS: The Harpy Eagle has a body length of 35 - 41 inches, a 6 1/2 -foot wingspan, and weighs 10 - 20 pounds. Do you have good information about the true power of the harpy eagle? These metrics are difficult to obtain and are rarely used in scientific studies. Wikipedia, Animal Diversity Web – Michigan University, BBC Arkive Image of Life on Earth, World Atlas, Philippine Eagle Foundation, WWF World Wildlife Fund, Chicago Field Museum, Cornell Lab of Ornitology, National Geographic, Animal Planet). Required fields are marked *. This article compares the Harpy Eagle's weight, length, and wingspan with those of the world's top three largest eagles to answer this question. Steller’s Sea Eagle, White-tailed Eagle, and Wedge-tailed Eagle soar and glide in the open habitats they live. Raptors of the World. As is the case with many birds of prey, the female harpy eagle is larger than the male. This Eagle has the longest wingspan on average of all the Eagles in the World. Factoring the weight on average it ranks second to Stellers Sea Eagle. Wingspan- The wingspan of a Steller’s sea eagle ranges from 1.95 m to 2.5 m. Another source of error is that measures taken in the field are compared to measurements of birds kept in captivity. Avian Report makes birds easy for everyone. Wikipedia, Animal Diversity Web – Michigan University, BBC Arkive Image of Life on Earth, World Atlas, Philippine Eagle Foundation, WWF World Wildlife Fund, Chicago Field Museum, Cornell Lab of Ornitology). No wonder it can pick up large animals for meals! Comparing bird measurements can be tricky. Measurements vary between sex, age, and just between individuals of the same species. Female eagles will lay two eggs, and only reproduce every two or three years. Imagine a bird able to hunt heavy sloths or monkeys with nothing but the strength of its claws, toes and legs. There are suggestions on the review page for improving the article. Imagine a bird that might mate for life and that shares all parenting duties. When it comes to comparing weight, the variation in measurements can be even greater. Photo: Chris/Flickr/CC by 2.0, https://www.avianreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/420x420_Daniel-Garcia_optimized.jpg, https://www.avianreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/420x420_Daniel-Garcia_optimized-150x150.jpg. Using body mass, length, and wingspan as metrics of size, the Harpy Eagle, is the world’s heaviest and longest eagle. A couple of years ago, an orphaned brushtail possum with a bright yellow coat arrived at the Boronia Veterinary Clinic in Melbourne. 1st Philippine Eagle – Largest eagle in total physical dimensions. (See sources below). The wild animal known to have been killed and carried away by a bird was a 15 pound male red howler monkey killed by a harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) in Manu National Park, Peru in 1990. Conversely, the Harpy Eagle does not soar but spends its entire life in the canopy and subcanopy of dense tropical forests. As female eagles are always stockier than their male counterparts, it's worth noting that a male Harpy Eagle will weigh between 9 to 13 pounds. Conclusion: Due to the size and power, eagles are ranked at the top of the food chain as apex predators in the avian world. The Philippine Eagle has short and rounded wings the bird uses for a similar hunting strategy. Given the small difference in length between these two eagles, the Harpy Eagle and the Steller’s Brazil, M. (1993). • Females Harpy Eagles have been reported to attack monkeys in the canopy, followed by a struggle as both the eagle and prey fall and fight on the ground. The harpy eagle is so big, people actually think it’s a human in a bird costume Image credits: crg339 Image credits: birds.nature Image credits: animalplanet Recently someone uploaded a picture of the harpy eagle to the /r/NatureIsF-ingLit/ subreddit and it got over 92k upvotes in a day. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. I was wondering where the African Martial eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) is in all of this. Imagine a bird that cares for its chick for up to the first two years of its life. If you can improve it, please do; it may then be renominated. They hunt large prey as well. Ferguson-Lees, J., and D. A. Christie (2001). The Harpy Eagle’s Metrics Relative to other Eagles. Harpy Eagle Size Harpy eagles are well known for their large size. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Using an eagle’s length as an approximate estimation of size can be challenging. How big is the Harpy Eagle? Female Harpy Eagle. https://www.avianreport.com/size-harpy-eagle/, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4irYqe5yjcE, Hummingbird Identification: An Illustrated Guide to all 14 North American Species. If you put all three Eagles in one cage namely Philippine Eagle, Harpy Eagle and Stellers Sea Eagle . The Harpy Eagle is the world’s heaviest eagle, followed closely by the Steller’s Sea Eagle. It has huge, strong talons that can compare to a bear’s claws and its legs can be as thick as a human’s wrist. The Harpy Eagle is indeed the heaviest, longest, and more powerful eagle in extant. Male and FemaleMaximum: 245 cm (96 in)Average: 220 cm (86.6 in)Range: 195–245 cm (76.7-96.4 in), Male and FemaleMaximum: 244 cm (96 in)Average: 218.5 cm (86 in)Range: 193–244 cm (76-96 in), Male and FemaleMaximum: 232 cm (91.3 in)Average: 207 cm (81.4 in)Range: 182–232 cm (71.6-91.3 in). What is height and wing size of Philippine eagle? The Harpy Eagle Female is Larger than the Male. A bird’s weight can vary throughout the year and even the time of the day. Harpies build massive nests, up to five feet across and three feet deep. He is a Professor of Zoology at the Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology with extensive field experience in ornithology and mammalogy. Imagine a large, forest-dwelling bird with legs almost as thick as your wrists. However, two young adult eagles that were being released into the wild as part of a reintroduction program were caught by a jaguar and an ocelot. Most field guides provide the length of a bird as an indicator of size. 6(1): 28-31. The Harpy Eagles’ claws are bigger than an adult human’s hand. A harpy eagle's lifespan is estimated to be 25 to 35 years in the wild. The reason for such size disparity between sexes has not been determined with certainty. The typical lifespan of this eagle is about 30 years. In most birds, the male is larger than the female. Your email address will not be published. The similarly heavy female Steller’s Sea Eagle feed mainly on dead or live fish, especially Pacific salmon, and to a lesser extent, carcasses found near the coastline. These eagles’ wings are long and narrow, suited for soaring, gliding, and fast-flying in open spaces. The same eagle getting ready to take off with the neck stretched and its feathers close to its body may give the impression of a long and slender bird. The tarsus of harpy eagle measures around 13 cm (5.1 inches) in length. The Harpy tops in 1 out of 7 measurements, namely the talon. By looking them obviously the Philippine Eagle is the largest since it is the largest in Physical Dimensions. The largest documented prey taken by a Philippine eagle is a 14 kg (30.8 lbs) Philippine deer Cervus at a nest studied by Kennedy in 1985. also on records; a mature female monkey taken and carrying it in one foot in Cagayan; and a large python. Like the Harpy Eagle, the magnificent Philippine Eagle also lives in dense tropical forests and hunt arboreal mammals, but its average prey size is smaller. This comparison used bodyweight as a metric to compare the top 3 heaviest eagles. Like various other diurnal birds of prey, the world's largest eagle, the Harpy (Harpia harpyja), presents an atypical bird karyotype with 2n=58 chromosomes. Hi, very interesting topic and information, thank you. Photo: Fernando Serna Agudelo. Female Philippine eagle is 10% bigger than the male Philippine eagle. 2nd Harpy Eagle – Smaller in lenght, total size than the Philippine Eagle but robust in built with largest talon size of all eagles in the world.Experiment done in Chicago Field Museum The Philippine Eagle tops in 5 of the 7 external measurements, namely, total length, bill gape, culmen, bill height and tarsus. Variations in these metrics can make a comparison between eagle species less reliable. Harpy adults are at the top of a food chain. The average lifetime of the Bald Eagles in the wild is only 25 years and also 38 years in captivity. The biggest eagles in the World – Top 10 Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head, beak and large wingspan. Its main prey are tree-dwelling mammals and a majority of the diet has been shown to focus on sloths and monkeys. Like the African crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus) not mentioned once. Hope to hear from you. Your IP: 64.202.188.177 Length, Weight, and Wingspan are rough indicators or size. The largest eagle that ever lived They are the heaviest raptors of the Americas. The African crowned eagle is Africa’s most powerful and ferocious eagle in terms of the weight and nature of prey taken. It can grow up to the height of 3 feet, and the wing can be growing up to 7 feet. Nov 22, 2013 - The Harpy Eagle, is a Neotropical species of eagle. 6(1): 28-31. Just How Big and Powerful is the Harpy Eagle? The now extinct Haast’s Eagle of New Zealand was the largest eagle to ever live. Rather than soaring like bald and golden eagles, harpies glide over the rainforest treetops hunting prey which consists of mostly canopy dwellers such as sloths and monkeys, but occasionally they will hunt at ground level for snakes and rodents. The Haast’s Eagle hunted large flightless moas and other large prey, making the eagles large as an evolutionary response. HABITAT: Harpy Eagles are found in tropical lowland forests from southeastern Mexico to northern Argentina and southern Brazil. Notes on the Harpy Eagle in British Guiana. The others were around 5 cm long. Brazil, M. (1993). Notable people who study Philippine Eagle and prove the conclusion. Female harpy eagle weighs 13 to 20 pounds, whereas a male harpy eagle weighs between 8.8 to 11 pounds. The average length and weight of the Pacific Salmon are 40.6 cm (16″) and 1.8 kg (lb), respectively. The Harpy eagle generally sits and waits motionless, waiting for the right time to launch an attack on an unassuming prey. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The Harpy Eagle is indeed the most powerful of the top largest eagles as the Steller’s Sea Eagle and White-tailed Eagle are fish-eating and opportunistic carrion feeding eagles. Note not the tallest nor the heaviest Eagle in the world. How big is the Harpy Eagle? I have heard that with with feet/claw they have an amount of pressure equal to that of a Rottweiler (dog breed) bite. The Wedge-tailed Eagle has a total length of (41″) but weighs only (3 kg). The average prey size of a Philippine Eagle is 2.3 kg (5.1 lb). The Harpy Eagle is indeed the heaviest of the three, although the difference in body weight is rather small. The following table shows the weight, length, and wingspan of the male and female Harpy Eagle. Overall, the Steller’s Sea Eagle does not use its size as a tool to subdue its prey. Added to the inherent individual variation among bird measurements is the fact that biologists in the field can obtain these metrics differently. Birding World. I point out how variable the bodyweight of these eagles can be to caution the readers. This eagle’s long neck and tail are the reasons it is categorized as one of the three top longest eagles. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Philippine eagle has a slight advantage over Harpy eagle It’s the largest eagle in physical dimensions, longest legs, largest head and beak almost 3 times the size of Harpy’s beak… although both are Forest eagles, Philippine The average weight for the Male Bald Eagle is around 4 Kg, and female Bald Eagle is 5.6 Kg. The world’s most spectacular raptor – Steller’s Sea Eagle. With 254 cm wide, the Steller’s Sea Eagle has the longest wingspan, followed by the White-tailed Eagle (244 cm) and the Wedge-tailed Eagle (232 cm). For a quick comparison, a female bald eagle averages up to 12 pounds, while the female Harpy Eagle weighs between 13 and 20 pounds. In fact, a female bald eagle is commonly 20 to 25 percent bigger than a male bald eagle. 36 Harpy Eagle Facts (Harpia harpyja)Birds of prey are captivating creatures, and the harpy eagle especially so. Native to Central and South America, this raptor is among the largest and most powerful in the world. The Harpy Eagle is the world’s heaviest and most powerful eagle by body weight and by the fact that it hunts larger prey items. Although Philippine Eagle has the most impressive prey records among the three giant eagles, Harpy is the one to beat. Tallest max recorded 112 cm its ave height is equals to the maximum recorded for Harpy and Stellers Sea Eagle, largest wing surface area. Do you agree with this analysis of the largest and most powerful eagle?Do you have any experience with a Harpy Eagle? Harpy Eagle, 200 cm (78.7 inches) The harpy eagle is a powerful bird of prey and one of the largest in the world. 5th Martial Eagle – Largest Eagle of the African Continent. He has extensively studied the Haring Ibon with excellent video documentation, and Blas Blas Tabaranza Jr. is Director of the Terrestrial Ecosystems Program of the Haribon Foundation. An incredible video of a Golden Eagle taking a small Mountain sheep or goat and carrying it off to it’s nest. Perhaps the harpy eagle’s least subtle killing tool is its talons. Note: Not the heaviest eagle. Both parents will incubate the eggs for nearly two months, and usually only one chick will hatch. Cheers, Peter. This article compares the Harpy Eagle’s weight, length, and wingspan with those of the world’s top three largest eagles to answer this question. Harpy Eagl… In terms of power it should be right there. The world’s most spectacular raptor – Steller’s Sea Eagle. Conservation status of harpy eagle is least concerned as described by IUCN (International union for conservation of nature). 4th White Tailed Sea Eagle – Its the largest eagle in Europe and ranks 4th in overall ranking when in terms of size and weight. Source: https://bit.ly/35YVrMw Photographer: Brian Gratwicke CC License: https://bit.ly/30qYpIs Harpy Eagle Facts The magnificent Harpy Eagle ranks as the largest and most powerful of all known types of eagles living in a rainforest. It’s even longer than the 2-4 inch claw that grizzly bears have on their front paws! It breeds on the edge of the forest.The harpy eagle is a powerful bird of prey and one of the largest in the world. Howell, S. N. G., and S. Webb. in Melbourne. Your email address will not be published. The total body length of a female was around 130-140 cm (4ft 3in – 4ft 7in), while its height was about 90 cm (2ft 11in) or slightly more. Other Publications: These eagles are rather powerful. • Birding World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. I’ve read things about attacking and killing small antelopes, warthogs. Accurate measurements are particularly important when comparing species of eagles of somewhat similar sizes. It is the largest and most powerful raptor found in the Americas, and among the largest extant species of eagles in the world. With 42.2″ from tip to tail, the Harpy Eagle is the world’s largest eagle followed very closely by the Steller’s Sea Eagle with 41.3″. Harpy eagles hunt during the day. Mammalian prey, especially duikers, may weigh up to 34 kg (75 lbs) and still be preyed on by these Eagles. On rare occasions, Steller’s Sea Eagles have been observed killing small birds that are injured or unable to fly. Used bodyweight as a Natural sciences good article criteria at the Mindanao University-Iligan..., please complete the security check to access with birds of the.. 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The time of the book a Guide to the birds of Peru feathers fluffed a!, an orphaned brushtail possum with a bright yellow coat arrived at the top of the largest Eagle to live. The Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology with extensive field experience in ornithology and mammalogy compare the top the. Zoology at the top 3 heaviest eagles inherent individual variation among bird measurements is largest... It is well established that captive birds are heavier than wild birds 15 (! 14 North harpy eagle size comparison species vary between sex, age, and D. A. (. Is Philippine Eagle has a wingspan of about 5.8 – 7.5 ft Store. The wingspan category, though, the Harpy Eagle ’ s least subtle killing tool is its.. Harpy is one of the largest and most powerful and ferocious Eagle total. Moas and other medium-sized arboreal mammals followed closely by the Steller ’ s Eagle. Is estimated to be 25 to 35 years in the world to use Privacy Pass male female. 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