The starting point of the Tongariro Alpine Crossing, as well as the Whakapapa ski area at Mount Ruapehu, are both 20 to 35mins from National Park Village, 45mins to 1hr from Ōhakune, Turangi or Taumarunui and between 1hr20 and 1hr35 from Lake Taupo township. Mount Ruapehu, active volcano and highest peak (9,176 feet [2,797 m]) on North Island, New Zealand, in Tongariro National Park.Mount Ruapehu is situated on the Taupo Plateau, which rises 2,000 to 3,000 feet (about 600 to 900 m) above sea level, Ruapehu erupted in 1945–46 and again in 1995–96.The volcano is forested below its line of permanent snow cover. [11] There is also a 95 km2 area of scrubland, containing kanuka (Leptospermum ericoides), manuka (Leptospermum scoparium), celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius), inaka (Dracophyllum longifolium), woolly fringe moss (Rhacomitrium lanuginosum), small beeches and introduced heather. Both have been dormant since the early 17th century. Directly to the east stand the hills of the Kaimanawa range. There are 56 significant species of birds, such as rare endemic species like the North Island brown kiwi, kākā, blue duck, North Island fernbird (Bowdleria punctata vealeae), double-banded plover and New Zealand falcon/kārearea. These volcanoes have resulted from internal tectonic processes. This challenging trip begins at 1120 m, climbs the Mangatepopo Valley to the saddle between Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe, through South Crater before climbing again to Red Crater, the highest point on the crossing at 1886 m. When the New Zealand Parliament passed the Tongariro National Park Act in October 1894, the park covered an area of about 252.13 km2, but it took until 1907 to acquire the land. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing is located in the Tongariro National Park - New Zealand's oldest national … The first activities in the young Tongariro National Park were the construction of tourist huts at the beginning of the 20th century. Like the whole of New Zealand, Tongariro National Park is situated in a temperate zone. The last modification to the Act was passed in 1980. Getting there is part of the enjoyment, as it is located 150 miles from the nation's capital, Wellington, in Ruapehu - Tongariro. Various types of accommodation can be found in and around the nearby towns of Tūrangi, National Park … The hotel Chateau Tongariro, which is still the centre of Whakapapa today, was established in 1929. Mount Tongariro is situated 3 km north of Mount Ngauruhoe. Directly next to the ski field are 47 ski club huts; most of them also accommodate non-club members. Most of the park is located in the Ruapehu District (Manawatū-Whanganui region), although the northeast is in the Taupo District (Waikato Region, or Hawke's Bay Region to the north). The second Tongariro National Park Act, in 1922, started some active conservation efforts, but it was not until 1931 that the first permanent park ranger began work. This 26.4 km2 area was generally considered to be too small to establish a national park after the model of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, United States, and so further areas were acquired. They have however produced significant historic mudflows. Further extensions, especially Pihanga Scenic Reserve in 1975, enlarged the park to its current size of 786.23 km2. The next settlement is on the bottom, in Whakapapa. The Tongariro National Park also teems with insects like moths and wētā. As the volcanoes of Tongariro National Park are the first significant elevations that these winds encounter on the North Island, besides Mount Taranaki, rain falls almost daily. Around 4 hours drive south of Auckland, the Tongariro National Park is near to some of the best of New Zealand’s central North Island destinations. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing is heralded as the best one-day trek in New Zealand and is regarded as among the top ten single-day treks in the world. All rights reserved. Further away are Waiouru and Raetihi. The bulk of Tongariro National Park is surrounded by well-maintained roads that roughly follow the park borders and provide easy access. It has been acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of mixed cultural and natural values. These two ski fields came under common management in 2000. Tongariro National Park covers 786 km stretching between 175° 22' and 175° 48' East and 38° 58' and 39° 25' South in the heart of the North Island of New Zealand. Tongariro National Park stretches around the massif of the three active volcanoes Mount Ruapehu, Mount Ngauruhoe, and Mount Tongariro. By simply visiting Whakapapa ski fields, you can tick of a few of the tour’s coordinates. Volcanic processes have been building the mountains of Tongariro National Park for over two million years. Mount Ngauruhoe is an active volcanic vent. [8] Grouse were never actually introduced, but the heather is sprawling, threatening the ecological system and endemic plants of the park. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. In reality, Mordor’s location is Mount Tongariro at an altitude of 1978 meters, and the nearby Mount Nauruhoe is the doomsday volcano in the movie. The region is extremely popular for its skiing and for the world-class trout fishing on the vast Lake Taupo. The Tongariro Alpine crossing is located in the Tongariro National Park, which is in the central North Island a few kilometres west south-west of Lake Taupo, 330 km south of Auckland and 320 km north of Wellington. Some of these measures include lake level management, ecological monitoring programmes, and agreements with local iwi to establish a process for iwi involvement in environmental monitoring and access to information. Close to the geographic center of New Zealand’s North Island is Tongariro National Park. Other bird species common to the park are tui, New Zealand bellbird, morepork/ruru, grey warbler/riroriro, fantail, whitehead/pōpokotea and silvereye. The scheme taps a catchment area of more than 2600 km2 and uses a series of lakes, canals and tunnels to take water to the two stations which typically generate 1400 GWh pa,. The sunrise is still lying ahead. It is located 20 KM to the southwest of Lake Taupo, the three active volcanoes that dominate the … Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The 10 Oldest National Parks in the World", "Data Table - Protected Areas - LINZ Data Service", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tongariro_National_Park&oldid=979006175, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles needing additional references from March 2007, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cultural and Natural: (vi), (vii), (viii), This page was last edited on 18 September 2020, at 06:12. The North Island brown kiwi live in forests in the Tongariro National Park and the adjacent Tongariro Forest Conservation Area, which is the location for a kiwi sanctuary - a population monitored by Department of Conservation rangers. Side trips to the summits of Mount Tongariro and Mount Ngauruhoe are possible on these tracks. Another route is the three- to six-day Round the Mountain Track around Mount Ruapehu. Mount Ruapehu is the highest point in the North Island and, like Tongariro, its history began before the last ice age. The electricity generated at the Tongariro Power Scheme goes into the national grid. During the 1995 and 1996 eruptions, the Crater Lake disappeared completely, then refilled over several years. Tongariro National Park covers 786 km2 stretching between 175° 22' and 175° 48' East and 38° 58' and 39° 25' South in the heart of the North Island of New Zealand. An epic location for key Lord of the Rings scenes The Tongariro region was chosen for its barren, rugged landscape and vast volcanic rock formations. Its turbines are located in a cavern cut from solid rock and lined with concrete. To the northwest, and around Mount Ruapehu, between an altitude of 1200 and 1500 m, tussock shrubland and tussock grass covers large areas (around 150 km2), consisting mainly of New Zealand red tussock grass (Chionochloa rubra), inaka, curled leaved neinei (Dracophyllum recurvum), wire rush (Empodisma minus), and bog rush (Schoenus pauciflorus), as well as heather and grasses like hard tussock (Festuca novaezelandiae) and bluegrass (Poa colensoi). It is located in Manawatu - Wanganui. SAVE! Without reasonable accommodations within a distance of 0.1 miles of Mount Ngauruhoe, you will have to search somewhere else. It was the world's fourth national park to be established. The Pihanga Scenic Reserve, containing Lake Rotopounamu, Mount Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif, though separate from the main park area, is still part of the national park. [9], Erosion and deposition by mountain glaciers has also played an important role in shaping Tongariro and Ruapehu volcanoes. Though it has only nine lifts, the skiing area, of 5 km2, is almost as large as Whakapapa's. In some summers the summits of the three volcanoes are covered with snow; on top of Mount Ruapehu, snow fields can be found every summer and the summit is glaciated.[7]. These tracks also serve as winter routes, as well as the track to the summit of Mount Ruapehu. Directly to the east stand the hills of the Kaimanawa range. Creators felt this was the ideal location to depict the fiery wrath of Mordor and Mount Doom. Other Places to Visit near Mount Tongariro Bunk in 4 bed dorm, Adjacent to National Park Your bed, in a 4 bed dorm, is part of a lodge located adjacent to the Tongariro National Park with fantastic views of Mt Ruapehu. From camping and backpackers, to luxury lodges and chateaus, Ruapehu has just about every style of bed (and breakfast) you can imagine. With its taller volcanic neighbours, Mt. With this track net, three camp sites, two emergency shelters, nine public and four private huts and the facilities in Whakapapa, the park is well developed for tourism. Mount Ruapehu and Mount Ngauruhoe are two of the most active composite volcanoes in the world, with Mount Ruapehu last erupting in 1996 and Mount Ngauruhoe in 1975. … Situated in the middle of the North Island, south of Lake Taupo, and covering almost 80,000 hectares, the Tongariro National Park World Heritage site is easily accessible from a variety of neighbouring towns. The east–west rainfall differences are not as great as in the Southern Alps, because the three volcanoes do not belong to a greater mountain range, but there is still a noticeable rain shadow effect with the Rangipo desert on the Eastern leeward side receiving 1,000 mm of annual rainfall. The prevailing westerly winds gather water over the Tasman Sea. Tongariro National Park is home to Mount Doom, Mordor and Emyn Muil and some of New Zealand's most incredible scenery. There is also opportunity for hunting, game fishing, mountain biking, horse riding, rafting and scenic flights. This stunning park is a visitor’s delight and is home to the highest mountain on the North Island – Mount Ruapehu.It is an ultra-prominent mountain with an elevation and prominence of 9,177 feet (2,797 meters). Mount Taranaki, also called Mount Egmont, mountain, west-central North Island, New Zealand, on the Taranaki Peninsula.The symmetrical volcanic cone rises from sea level to 8,260 ft (2,518 m) and has a subsidiary cone, 6,438-ft Fanthams Peak, 1 mi (1.5 km) south of the main crater. Legend links Ngatoroirangi with the creation of volcanoes and the naming o… The most popular track in Tongariro National Park is the Tongariro Alpine Crossing. I sympathized with the outcast and started my volcanic journey on the North Island in Egmont Nationalpark, where iconic Mount Taranaki is located: It is Saturday, 30 April, 6 am. There are a number of Māori religious sites within the park,[3] and many of the park's summits, including Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu, are tapu, or sacred. If you're hoping to stay near Mount Tongariro, the decision is simple as only 1 hotel is listed within 6 miles of this well-known spot. However, in Turangi, 0.1 miles away, there is a handful of hotels to consider. Pahautea trees can be found further on up to a height of 1530 m, where they cover 127.3 km2. The park was established in 1887, making it the oldest national park in New Zealand. Find the perfect hotel … Tongariro National Park has been under the control of the New Zealand Department of Conservation since the creation of the department in 1987. When the Act was renewed in 1922, the park area was extended to 586.8 km2. Mount Ngauruhoe (Māori: Ngāuruhoe) is an active stratovolcano in New Zealand.It is the youngest vent in the Tongariro volcanic complex on the Central Plateau of the North Island, and first erupted about 2,500 years ago.Although often regarded as a separate mountain, geologically it is a secondary cone of Mount Tongariro. This early tourist development explains the rather uncommon existence of a permanently inhabited village and fully developed ski area within a national park. Nevertheless, some plants occasionally settle there, such as curled leaved neinei, snow totara (Podocarpus nivalis), mountain snowberry (Gaultheria colensoi), bristle tussock (Rytidosperma setifolium), bluegrass and Raoulia albosericea, which cover an area of 165 km2. The volcano lies between the active volcanoes of Mount Tongariro to the north and Mount Ruapehu to the south, to the west of the Rangipo Desert 25 kilometres to the south of the southern shore of Lake Taupo. Visit local film sites Mordor, Emyn Muil , the Ithilien Camp and Orc Army scenes. Tongariro National Park is a 795.98 square kilometer park located in the Ruapehu District in New Zealand. Although seen by most as a volcano in its own right, it is technically a secondary cone of Mount Tongariro. It is just a few kilometres west-southwest of Lake Taupo. Get your ride for starting at $8.99/day! Eastern Polynesians, traveling thousands of miles in large double-hulled canoes, began settling the North Island of New Zealand by about 1300. Small glaciers are present on the summit of Mt. At Whakapapa Village (1119 m) the average annual rainfall is about 2200 mm, in Ohakune (610 m) about 1250 mm and in higher altitudes, such as Iwikau Village (1770 m), about 4900 mm. Understory species within the forests include ferns such as crown fern (Blechnum discolor) as well as shrub species. More than 60 eruptions from the Ruapehu crater have been recorded since 1945. This place is … The Tongariro National Park is the home to Mount Tongariro, which is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand. If you know anything about the Tongariro National Park… No, more like, … Tongariro is a large andesitic volcanic massif, located immediately NE of Ruapehu volcano, that is composed of more than a dozen composite cones constructed over a period of 275,000 years. Whether it’s adrenaline you’re after or relaxing with a good coffee enjoying the scenery, Ruapehu boasts easily accessible, family friendly activities to suit all palates. It gathers water from the mountains of the central volcanic plateau, passes it through Rangipo (120MW) and Tokaanu (240MW) power stations, and releases it into Lake Taupo. The park's volcanoes are the southern end of a 2500 km long range of volcanoes, below which the Australian Plate meets the Pacific Plate. The park also features the only two native mammals of New Zealand, the short and long tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata and Chalinolobus tuberculatus). With its ruggedly diverse landscape, from volcanic peaks to lush native bush and rivers, the Tongariro National Park World Heritage Site is a natural wonder that beams quintessential New Zealand. © 2016 Visit Ruapehu. Photo: Phillip Capper, CC BY 2.0. It is 330 km south of Auckland by road, and 320 km north of Wellington. Located in the heart of New Zealand's North Island, Mt Ruapehu presents one of the most unique ski destinations in the world. Within the park borders, the only settlements are the tourism-based village at Whakapapa Village which consists solely of ski accommodation. Small birds. It has 15 lifts, covering an area of 5.5 km2. It is 330 km south of Auckland by road, and 320 km north of Wellington. Tongariro National Park (/ˈtɒŋɡərɪroʊ/; Māori: [tɔŋaɾiɾɔ]) is the oldest national park in New Zealand,[1] located in the central North Island. The history of Mount Ruapehu and Mount Tongariro began before the last ice age and eruptions of Mount Ngauruhoe are thought to have occurred around 2,500 years ago. The Tongariro Power Scheme was designed to preserve and protect the natural surroundings as much as possible. Genesis Energy has developed mitigation measures with stakeholders that aim to lessen the environmental effects of the Tongariro Power Scheme. The biggest ski area, also called Whakapapa, is on the north-western slopes of Mount Ruapehu. The main activities are hiking and climbing in summer, and skiing and snowboarding in winter. Road construction into Whakapapa valley had already begun in the 1920s. A genuine wonder of the natural world, the Tongariro Alpine Crossing is the crown jewel of Ruapehu. The Tokaanu power station is connected to Lake Rotoaira via a six kilometre tunnel through Mount Tihia. The extra catchment increases the volume of water going into Lake Taupo and down the Waikato River by 20%. The mountain summits are of great significance to the local Māori. With convenient pick-up locations in Tongariro National Park, across all your favorite car rental brands, get the hottest rates on car rentals with Hotwire! The 120MW Rangipo power station is 230 m below ground. You start from the Mangatepopo Valley (carved out from the last ice age) and walk over towards the Ketetahi road as this minimises the climbing involved, you will be glad you took this options when you come down from Red Crater. Also present in the park, as well as the whole of New Zealand, are animals introduced by Europeans, such as black rats, stoats, cats, rabbits, hare, possums and red deer. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing in Tongariro National Park is heralded as the best one-day trek available in New Zealand, while others say it tracks among the top ten single-day treks in the world. Turangi is the closest town to the Tongariro National Park, and is a lovely place to stay with bars, restaurants and quaint motels. To the north and west of the park, a podocarp-broadleaf rain forest near Lake Taupo stretches over an area of 30 km2, and up to an elevation of 1000 m. In this rain forest live Hall's totara (Podocarpus laetus), kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides), kamahi (Weinmannia racemosa), pahautea (Libocedrus bidwillii), and numerous epiphytic ferns, orchids, and fungi. Rock-climbing is also an option. Mount Tongariro and its surroundings are one of the several locations where Peter Jackson shot The Lord of the Rings film trilogy; tours to view these places are commonly arranged by the tour's operators and lodges. State Highway 47 joins these two highways to the north of much of the park, although it bisects the Pihanga Scenic Reserve. Snow season is from late June to early November. The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park Situated in the middle of the North Island, south of Lake Taupo, and covering almost 80,000 hectares, the Tongariro National Park World Heritage site is easily accessible from a variety of neighbouring towns.Getting to the park is easy, with good quality roads complete with stunning scenery to enjoy along the way. The Tongariro Alpine Crossing takes you over the length of Mt Tongariro (19.4 Kilometres) about 7-9 hours. Hike the Tongariro Crossing. Above 2200 m live only crustose lichens. In the west, State Highway 4 passes National Park village, and in the east, State Highway 1, known for this stretch as the Desert Road, runs parallel to the Tongariro River. Ngauruhoe(2287m), Mt Tongariro may not seem the obvious choice for the summit-loving type. But it was not before opening of the railway in 1908 and the building of roads in the 1930s that a significant number of people visited the park. The Whanganui River rises within the park and flows through Whanganui National Park to the west. One of the first canoes was Te Arawa, and the Ngati Tuwharetoa — one of the iwi (tribes) that populated the area around Tongariro — holds ancestral identification with Ngatoroirangi, high priest and navigator of that canoe. Find your happy place. It also draws water from the Tongariro River via the Poutu tunnel and canal. The North Island Main Trunk railway from Auckland to Wellington passes National Park village. Glaciers were last present on Tongariro during the Last Glacial Maximum.[10]. This magma being less dense, rises to the surface and goes through the weak parts of the Earth's crust (the faults) resulting in volcanic processes in the area. Ski passes can be used on both fields, and a lift or run from one field to the other is planned. The average temperature is 13 °C, with a maximum of 25 °C in summer and a minimum of -10 °C in winter. about four percent of the country's total electricity generation. In winter there is snow to about 1500 m. Temperatures vary dramatically, even within one day. ... Mount Tongariro has two active volcanic vents – Te Maari Crater and Red Crater. [6] It is just a few kilometres west-southwest of Lake Taupo. Three volcanoes (Tongariro, Ngauruhoe and Ruapehu) remain active, while the park's two northernmost volcanoes (Pihanga and the Kakaramea-Tihia Massif) last erupted over 20,000 years ago. Tongariro National Park was the sixth national park[2] established in the world. Beside these major ski fields, there are also the Tukino ski area, privately run by the Desert Alpine Ski Club, and the Aorangi Ski Club on the south-eastern slope. However, the summit is well situated on the Tongariro Crossing which is one of New Zeland's most popular, and finest, one day walks. Efforts are being made to control the plant's spread, however complete eradication seems unlikely. It contains a considerable part of the North Island Volcanic Plateau. Many who complete the 19.4-kilometer journey will tell you the climbs can be steep and the weather unpredictable, though worth it in every aspect. Mount Ruapehu is situated 4 km southwest of Tongariro National Park. A slightly smaller ski field called Turoa is on the south-western slope. Above 1500 m, the terrain consists of gravel and stone fields and is accordingly unstable. Mt Ngauruhoe (Mt Doom) in the distance – as seen in Tongariro National Park on the Tongariro Alpine Crossing Highlights include the film location for Mordor – a fictional place from J.R.R Tolkien’s fantasy trilogy Lord of the Rings brought to life by Peter Jackson’s film adaptation. Between 1700 and 2020 m there are some isolated Parahebe species, Gentiana bellidifolia and buttercups. Next to the Tongariro river, it is popular with fly fishermen. Enjoy your time at Mount Tongariro. Ruapehu is home to first class eating establishments and unique boutique shopping experiences. There is no accommodation at the ski field; the nearest town is Ohakune. This hotel is the Tongariro Holiday Park, and it is a convenient 6 miles away. The southern link is State Highway 49. Mount Tongariro is located in Tongariro National Park and is one of the three volcanoes in the national park. World renowned Tongariro National Park and Whanganui National Park set the backdrop for a truly unique New Zealand experience. The Tongariro Alpine crossing is an 18.5km one way day hike which crosses the volcanic centre of New Zealand’s North Island, between the summits of Mount Tongariro (1967m) and Mount Ngauruhoe (2287m). On this level, one can also find a 50 km2 beech forest, containing red (Nothofagus fusca), silver (Nothofagus menziesii) and mountain beech (Nothofagus solandri var cliffortioides). Besides these, there are numerous shorter tracks appropriate for day tramps. Mount Tongariro is a compound volcano in the Taupo Volcanic Zone of the North Island of New Zealand. On the eastern side of Mount Ruapehu, water is diverted from the Kaimanawa Ranges and headwaters of the Wahianoa River through a 20 km tunnel into the Rangipo dam. Come and enjoy the breath taking beauty of Ruapehu. The first ski hut was built in 1923 at an elevation of 1770 m, thereafter a road, and, in 1938, a ski lift in the area. See Tripadvisor's Tongariro National Park, Manawatu-Wanganui Region hotel deals and special prices on 30+ hotels all in one spot. The Tongariro National Park is a rough and partly unstable environment. Later the peaks of Mount Tongariro, Mount Ngauruhoe, and parts of Mount Ruapehu, were conveyed to The Crown on 23 September 1887, on condition that a protected area was established there. With its ruggedly diverse landscape, from volcanic peaks to lush native bush and rivers, the Tongariro National Park World Heritage Site is a natural wonder that beams quintessential New Zealand. Two Maori kainga (settlements) Papakai and Otukou are not part of the park but lie on the shores of Lake Rotoaira between the Pihanga Scenic Reserve and the main park area. [1] The active volcanic mountains Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe, and Tongariro are located in the centre of the park.[1]. On the park borders are the towns of Turangi, National Park Village and Ohakune. In Whakapapa, they can fall below the freezing point all year round. The Pacific Plate subducts under the Australian plate, and subsequently melts due to the high temperatures of the aesthenosphere. The Tongariro National Park is home to the famed Tongariro Alpine Crossing, widely regarded as one of the world's best one-day hikes.[5]. [4] The park includes many towns around its boundary including Ohakune, Waiouru, Horopito, Pokaka, Erua, National Park Village, Whakapapa skifield and Turangi. In the early 20th century, park administrators introduced heather to the park, for grouse hunting. In 1886 in order to prevent the selling of the mountains to European settlers, the local Ngati Tuwharetoa iwi had the mountains surveyed in the Native Land Court and then set aside (whakatapua) as a reserve in the names of certain chiefs one of whom was Te Heuheu Tukino IV (Horonuku), the most significant chief of the Māori Ngati Tuwharetoa iwi. With my head lamp I’m starting the 1500 meter climb to the summit. Ruapehu (2797m) and Mt. View to Mount Tongariro from the top of Taranaki. With two incredible snow capped ski fields to choose from , Whakapapa and Tūroa that both provide a little something for everyone. The western diversion takes water from six rivers and streams from the Whakapapa River to the Whanganui River, into Lake Rotoaira via Lake Otamangakau. It has two nutcracker rope tows, and covers 1.9 km2. Most of the track is also part of the Tongariro Northern Circuit, a two- to four-day tour, which is one of New Zealand's nine Great Walks. This 8-hour trek across a volcanic alpine landscape with dramatic contrasts of steaming vents, ancient lava flows, vivid crater lakes, and stunning views is undoubtedly one of the biggest attractions of the Northern Island of New Zealand. Mount Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. Ruapehu today, however there is abundant geomorphological evidence for more extensive glaciation in the recent geological past. 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