It is the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of Pakistan and India. The scope, history, sophistication and complexity of the culture are vast. Punjabi or Panjabi (پنجابی in Shahmukhi script, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ in Gurmukhi script) is a language spoken by the Punjabis of Pakistan and India. of Part XII: "Miscellaneous, "Linguistic cleansing: the sad fate of Punjabi in Pakistan", "University of the Punjab - Examinations", "Intelligentsia urges govt to promote Punjabi language", "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor | Pakistan Press International", "Urdu-isation of Punjab - The Express Tribune", "Rally for ending 150-year-old 'ban on education in Punjabi", "Supreme Court's Urdu verdict: No language can be imposed from above", "Two-member SC bench refers Punjabi language case to CJP", "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi - People & Society - Herald", "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike - Times of India", "Fifty Years of Punjab Politics (1920-70)", "Language, the Nation, and Symbolic Capital: The Case of Punjab", 52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India, "SGPC claims Haryana govt ignoring Punjabi language", "Punjabi's of Delhi couldn't get justice for Punjabi language", "Sikh bodies oppose DU's 'anti-Punjabi' move", "Pbi University launches Punjabipedia | punjab | Hindustan Times", "The Dhahan Prize | The Dhahan Prize for Punjabi Literature", "ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਲੇਖਕਾਂ ਦਾ ਮੱਕਾ : ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਵਨ, ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ", "Sirsa again elected Punjabi Sahit Akademi president", "पंजाबी सीखने वाले छात्रों को अगले माह बटेगा एकल प्रोत्साहन राशि", "Welcome to Punjab Institute of Language, Art & Culture | Punjab Institute of Language, Art & Culture", "Punjabi Linux (punlinux) download | SourceForge.net", "Cloud ਇਨਪੁਟ ਔਜ਼ਾਰ ਔਨਲਾਈਨ ਅਜਮਾਓ – Google ਇਨਪੁਟ ਔਜ਼ਾਰ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_language&oldid=991514753, Articles with failed verification from November 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Punjabi (Western)-language text, ISO language articles citing sources other than Ethnologue, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles with disputed statements from October 2017, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Jatki or Jangli is a dialect of native tribes of areas whose names are often suffixed with Bar derived from Jungle Bar before irrigation system arrived in the start of the 20th century, for example, Sandal Bar, Kirana Bar, Neeli Bar, Ganji Bar. According to Dr. Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is Punjabi is the predominantly spoken language in the Punjab province of Pakistan (and the most widely spoken language in Pakistan according to the CIA factbook), although it has no official status there, and both Ur… Later in northern India Paishachi Prakrit gave rise to Paishachi Aparbhsha, a descendant of Prakrit. If you want you or your children learn to speak Punjabi then this course is for you. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan,[11] the 11th most widely spoken language in India and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian subcontinent. There are very few languages in the world that can … Punjabi language, Punjabi also spelled Panjabi, one of the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages. In India, the main dialects of Punjabi are: Majhi, Doabi, Malwi and Pwadhi. Despite Urdu being the main language in the country, only 8% of the population uses it as a primary language. )[44] However, a recent acoustic study of six Punjabi speakers in the United States found no evidence of a separate falling tone following a medial consonant. The scenic vistas create the perfect backdrop for the beautiful cities. One notable example is the teaching of Punjabi language and literature by the University of the Punjab in Lahore which began in 1970 with the establishment of its Punjabi Department. All these languages are called Prakrit (Sanskrit: प्राकृत, prākṛta) collectively. Punjabi also has second language official status in Delhi along with Urdu, and in Haryana. [80][81][82], At the federal level, Punjabi has official status via the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution,[83] earned after the Punjabi Suba movement of the 1950s. The Punjabi Sahit academy, Ludhiana, established in 1954[97][98] is supported by the Punjab state government and works exclusively for promotion of the Punjabi language, as does the Punjabi academy in Delhi. In the cities, people use a very sweet Punjabi accent. The Punjabi language is famous for its rich literature of, Software are available for Punjabi language for almost all platforms. It comprises of written literature, arts, cuisine, military warfare, traditions, architecture and spoken language. The Sikh religion, with its Gurmukhi script, played a special role in standardising and providing education in the language via Gurdwaras, while writers of all religions continued to produce poetry, prose, and literature in the language. The official language of Pakistan continues to be Urdu. The Majhi dialect originated in the Majha region of the Punjab. Having spent my entire life in the Doaba Region of Indian Punjab, I can say that there is a huge difference between Punjab, India and Punjab, Pakistan. In Pakistan, no regional ethnic language has been granted official status at the national level, and as such Punjabi is not an official language at the national level, even though it is the most spoken language in Pakistan after Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. It is, however, the official provincial language of Punjab, Pakistan, the second largest and the most populous province of Pakistan as well as in Islamabad Capital Territory. The phonemic status of the fricatives /f z x ɣ/ varies with familiarity with Hindustani norms, with the pairs /f pʰ/, /z d͡ʒ/, /x kʰ/, and /ɣ g/ systematically distinguished in educated speech. The word "Do Aabi" means "the land between two rivers" and this dialect was historically spoken between the rivers of the Beas and the Sutlej in the region called Doaba. Feb 10, 2014 - Explore Jaz M's board "Punjabi language" on Pinterest. [6], Both federal and state laws specify the use of Punjabi in the field of education. Punjabi is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab. The earliest writings in Punjabi belong to Nath Yogi era from 9th to 14th century A.D.[22]The language of these compositions is morphologically closer to Shauraseni Apbhramsa, though vocabulary and rhythm is surcharged with extreme colloquialism and folklore.[23]. About Punjabi language: Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 102 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. The Western standard of Punjabi, sometimes called Lahnda or Shahpur, is a majority language. It often even sounds like Hindi, But, it is not Punjabi nor Hindi. WORLDWIDE: More than 100 million people worldwide speak different dialects Punjabi language as their first language. Until the 1970s, there were a large number of Punjabi-language films being produced by the Lollywood film industry, however since then Urdu has become a much more dominant language in film production. In fact, the sounds of ਜ਼, ਖ਼, ਸ਼, and ਫ਼ have been borrowed from Persian. Puadh is a region of Punjab and parts of Haryana between the Satluj and Ghaggar rivers. [10] Most parts of the Guru Granth Sahib use the Punjabi language written in Gurmukhī, though Punjabi is not the only language used in Sikh scriptures. Punjabi is unusual among this group for being a tonal language.[6][7][8][9]. The Punjabi culture is the culture of the Punjabi people, who are now distributed throughout the world. Punjabi is doing fine most people in Villages speak Punjabi. It is spoken in the centre of Punjab, including the districts of Lahore, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Okara, Nankana Sahib, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Narowal, Gujrat, Pakpattan, Hafizabad and Mandi Bahauddin. As Pakistan conducts its census after almost 20 years, residents of Punjab fear of losing out to Urdu. Punjabi is considered as an Indo-Aryan language. [48], The Gurmukhi script which was developed in the 16th century has separate letters for voiced aspirated sounds, so it is thought that the change in pronunciation of the consonants and development of tones may have taken place since that time. Gurmukhi is the official standard script for Punjabi, though it is often unofficially written in the Latin scripts due to influence from English, India's two primary official languages at the Union-level. Curiously, this language is the mother tongue of only 7-8% of Pakistanis. This preference for the English language and education is also seen in India. [88] Despite Punjabi having far greater official recognition in India, where the Punjabi language is officially admitted in all necessary social functions, while in Pakistan it is used only in a few radio and TV programs, attitudes of the English-educated elite towards the language are ambivalent as they are in neighbouring Pakistan. The Saraiki, spoken in southern Punjab, and Dogri, spoken in Kashmir, are closely related to Punjabi. There were 76 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan in 2008,[31] 33 million in India in 2011,[32] 0.7 million in Canada in 2016,[33] 0.3 million in the United States[34] and smaller numbers in other countries. Thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals also demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres. It is additional official in Haryana and Delhi. Pakistani Punjabi is written right to left. Singh, Chander Shekhar (2004). Punjabi language has to have new visions, new diction, modern idioms, metaphors and similes and sensibility. The historical Punjab region, now divided between India and Pakistan, is defined physiographically by the Indus River and these five tributaries. Punjabi is spoken by immigrants who migrated to USA, Canada, U.K., Australia and Singapore. If you want you or your children learn to speak Punjabi then this course is for you. Lahore is the capital city of Pakistani Punjab. [35], Shahpuri dialect (also known as Sargodha dialect) is mostly spoken in Pakistani Punjab. Punjabi-Speakers in Pakistan Struggle to Preserve Their Language. Punjabi, often spelled Panjabi, belong to the Indic group of the Indo-European family of languages. Note: In more formal contexts, hypercorrect Sanskritized versions of these words (ਪ੍ਰਧਾਨ pradhān for ਪਰਧਾਨ pardhān and ਪਰਿਵਾਰ parivār for ਪਰਵਾਰ parvār) may be used. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab. These dialects can be found even in languages of Ludhiana and Amritsar. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the eleventh -most widely spoken in India and spoken Punjabi diaspora in various countries. The script of Pakistani Punjab is Arabic. (1969). Lahore lies on the bank of the Ravi River. Pakistani Punjabi has a lot of influence of Islam nations and local Islamic religion. It is the 11th most spoken language in the world. However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. Romance film based on Punjabi epic love story Sohni Mahiwal: Music by Hassan Latif Lilak and film song lyrics by Hazin Qadri. Punjabi is unusual among Indo-Aryan languages in its use of lexical tone;[14][15][16] see § Tone below for examples. Institutions in neighbouring states[101] as well as in Lahore, Pakistan[102] also advocate for the language. [68] Pupils in secondary schools can choose the language as an elective, while Punjabi instruction or study remains rare in higher education. Punjabi has many dialects. Native people called their dialect as Jatki instead of Jangli. [25][26] So Punjabi relies heavily on Persian and Arabic words which are used with a liberal approach to language. There are also significant numbers of Punjabi speakers in the UK, Canada, the UAE, the USA, Saudi Arabia and Australia. [85] In 2012, it was also made additional official language of West Bengal in areas where the population exceeds 10% of a particular block, sub-division or district. In Punjab, Kharar, Kurali, Ropar, Nurpurbedi, Morinda, Pail, Rajpura and Samrala are areas where Puadhi is spoken and the dialect area also includes Pinjore, Kalka, Ismailabad, Pehowa to Bangar area in Fatehabad district. Some of its major urban centres in northern India are Amritsar, Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Jalandhar, Ambala, Patiala, Bathinda, Hoshiarpur and Delhi. I created "Learn Punjabi Language : Punjabi vocabulary and Speaking" course to make learning Punjabi easier. [55][56] It contains many loanwords from Persian and Arabic. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other countries where large numbers of Punjabis have emigrated.In the United Kingdom, it is the second-most-commonly used language. [40] The retroflex lateral is most commonly analysed as an approximant as opposed to a flap. Main areas are faridkot, Barnala, Ludhiana, Patiala, Ambala, Bathinda, Mansa, Sangrur, Malerkotla, Fazilka, Ferozepur, Moga. Punjabi, one of the Indo-Aryan languages of the Indo-European language family, is divided into Maji, Doabi, Malwai, Powadi, Rathi, and Bhatiani dialects. It is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the languages recognized by the Indian … Jhangochi, spoken in Khanewal and Jhang districts, is a subdialect of Jatki/Jangli. It is the twenty-sixth most spoken language in the United States, and tenth in Australia.[13]. "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi". I am Ifactner and I have been teaching languages for last nine years. [21] Punjabi emerged as an Apabhramsha, a degenerated form of Prakrit, in the 7th century A.D. and became stable by the 10th century. The ablative occurs only in the singular, in free variation with oblique case plus ablative postposition, and the locative/instrumental is usually confined to set adverbial expressions. Other dialects of Punjabi include Pahari, Rachnavi, Chenavari, Chhachi, Jandali, Ghebi. Most important words in Punjabi, like ਅਰਦਾਸ and ਰਹਿਰਾਸ, and common words, like ਨਹਿਰ, ਜ਼ਮੀਨ, ਗਜ਼ਲ, etc., have all come out of Persian. 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