Eastern Red Cedar - juniperus virginiana For prices and sizes click here.. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Size: Over 60 feet Topical concoctions were used to slow bleeding as well. silicicolasometimes called southern red cedarstating that there is considerable variability in the characteristics used to differentiate plant varieties. It is highly salt tolerant. The wood is also often used to make fence posts and rails as it is naturally rot-resistant. Durable Evergreen Grows Nearly Anywhere Why Eastern Red Cedar Trees? Eastern Red Cedar are attractive evergreens that are grown as a large shrubs or small trees with a dense pyramidal form. 'Taylor' / Taylor eastern red-cedar. 12 Comments; When is a cedar not a cedar? Best in full sun with well-drained soil. Small, light blue-green clusters of flowers mature in late winter or early spring. Plant has grayish to reddish-brown bark that exfoliates in long strips, Small, oval, glandular depressions are on the backs of leaves, Male cones are yellow and occur at branch tips, Female cones are blue, frosted looking, and 1⁄4" in size, Leaf color is sage green to blue-green in the summer, Leaf color is bronze to yellow-brown in winter, Juvenile, awl-shaped leaves are often present in pairs. This plant is actually a juniper, as its botanical name (Juniperus virginiana) indicates.True cedars belong to the Cedrus genus and are not native to this country. Prune in early spring. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. The bark is red-brown in color, exfoliating in long, fibrous strips, often ashy gray where exposed. Leaves Scalelike, Dark Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Evergreen. Tolerant of dry, windy conditions once established. Required fields are marked *. It is native to most of the US from Canada to Florida and Texas. Published on May 30th 2020 by admin under Juniper. The eastern redcedar grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well-drained and clay soils. According to the High Plains Journal , there's a war in Texas and elsewhere against the "Eastern red cedar" (aka Eastern redcedar). Wood is often used to make fence posts and rails as it is naturally rot resistant. virginiana or eastern juniper (distinguished by larger cones, acute scale leaves at the apex, and reddish brown bark) and Juniperus virginiana var. This tree is resistant to damage by deer. The Blackfeet made a tea from the berries of the red cedar to stop vomiting (Kindscher 1992). No other tree compares to the Brodie Eastern Red Cedar, which offers the highly sought-after qualities of the cedar in a dense, columnar evergreen form. Leaves, Stems and Fruit Eastern redcedar's leaves are small and scale-like, dark green in summer changing to reddish-brown in fall. They are small, oval, and have a glandular depression on the back. Growth Rate. Female cones are blue, frosted looking, and abundant. of growth equation for yellow-cedar. Young leaves are awl-shaped, thin, prickly, needle-like, and 1/4" long. Some southeastern botanists make a distinction between Juniperus virginiana var. All rights reserved. Mature Size redcedar grows to a height of about 30 to 35 feet and the branches may spread 12 to 15 feet. When it’s an eastern redcedar. Eastern Redcedar is easily grown in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils in full sun. All photos by Bill Seaman. It has two types of leaves: spreading prickly ones on young shoots and seedlings, and tightly overlapping scale-like leaves on the mature branches. Mature Shape: Upright, densely pyramidal becoming irregular and pendulous with age. Brodie Eastern Red Cedar. Size: Under 30 feet Soil: Wide range Sun: Full Growth: Slow — Having an annual growth increment of 12 inches or less Eastern white pine . Adult Juniper Hairstreak butterflies feed on various flower nectars. It shares susceptibility to a rust fungus with apples called Gymnosporangium junipreri - virginianae  It causes "cedar apples" on red cedar twigs and dark leaf spots on apple leaves. Mites may occur. The effects that the exploding populations of redcedar The Eastern Red Cedar will grow in a variety of soil types including clay and is very drought tolerant. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, Pa, 255 pp. pollen of eastern red cedar is an allergen, but less potent than that of Ashe It can even grow on seemingly barren soils that few other plants can tolerate. They stand up to a variety of different extreme weather conditions, from ice and snow to heat waves and droughts. The foliage may turn brown-green in winter. This video shows three years worth of growth from the cedars I planted to make a windbreak. Other Native Americans used the eastern red cedar for everything from asthma, colds, diarrhea, fevers, tonsillitis and pneumonia. On plots where both cedars were present (at least 2 of each species) and mean diameter for the 2 species was ± 10 cm, mean growth of yellow-cedar was about 25 to 30% slower than that of redcedar (but relative growth … Choose among Western red cedar plant varieties for rapid growth, defined by the Arbor Day Foundation as 25 inches or more per year. In fact, they can handle the cold up north and heat in the south. It also repels insects, lending to its appeal for use in clothing storage and pet bedding. Height: 40 - 50 feet. Juniperus virginiana, or Eastern redcedar, is a juniper rather than a true cedar. Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. Male and female flowers … Strain and use as regular tea, in small quantities. Eastern Redcedar is native to Eastern and North Central Texas, but its range appears to have been expanding over time. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. The Eastern red cedar has dark blue-green, scale-like, shiny, glandular foliage in a 4 rank arrangement. View the full image. Juniperus virginiana. Since But in 1986, a botanist named Robert Adams did detailed comparisons of morphology and chemistry, all of which faile… Eastern Redcedar. N.C. It prefers moist soils but is intolerant of constantly wet soils. 1974. Cones are round, berry-like (1/4" in diameter), and ripen in fall the first year. The heartwood is light brown and aromatic, contrasted by the white sapwood, and is commonly used for cedar chests. In fact, they can handle the cold up north and heat in the … juniper. virginianasometimes called eastern red cedarand Juniperus virginiana var. A traditionally slow growing tree, … They're the Juniperus virginiana, in fact. Eastern Redcedar Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It blooms from January to March. And it's one of the hardiest and most tolerant trees on the market: It grows … https://www.lakeforest.edu/academics/ programs/environmental/courses/es203/ juniperus_virginiana.php, https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/ TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=913, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=210000931, https://northernwoodlands.org/articles/ article/eastern_redcedar_juniperus_virginiana/, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/ 42257/2967510, Height: 16-66 ft on average, rarely grows up to 89-90 ft, Canada and the eastern United States; from Nova Scotia to Ontario,across the northern Great Plains through eastern Texas, northern Florida and then to the Atlantic coast, Rocky ridgetops, dry uplands, abandoned farmlands, prairies, grasslands, low mountains, Piedmont regions, Slow to medium rate, height increases at the rate of 13-24 inches annually, Typically 100-300 years, but the oldest red cedar lived for 940 years, Sunlight: Requires full sun; should get a minimum six hours of unfiltered, direct sunlight, Diseases include twig and tip blight, cedar-apple rust, and, Usually dioecious, which means seed and pollen cones appear on separate trees, Its foliage provides roosting and nesting site for robins, sparrows, juncos, warblers, and mockingbirds; the twigs and foliage serve as food source for browsers and the fruits are eaten by cedar waxwings, The fine-grained, fragrant heartwood is used for building fence posts, it is in great demand for making closets and chests, ideal for making flatbows, longbows, and sinew-backed bows, juniper essential oil is obtained from the twigs, leaves, and wood, its cones are used a a flavoring agent in gin, it is used as a Christmas tree in the Oklahoma, Arkansas Ozarks, and Missouri, Its population has been increasing and the species is listed as ‘LeastConcern’. Eastern red cedar is a small, conical tree that commonly colonizes fields after agriculture is abandoned. The species is also known as Eastern Juniper, Red Juniper, Southern Redcedar, Pencil cedar, and Carolina Cedar. This tree has medium rate of growth where the height improves around 13 to 24 inches per year. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. Growth Rate It grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet per year. Site Requirements: Prefers full sun and well drained soils. Cupressaceae -- Cypress family. Virginia red cedar Uses Ethnobotanic: The red cedar is used by many tribes for incense in purification and ritual (Kindscher 1992). This plant is actually a juniper, as its botanical name (Juniperus virginiana) indicates.True cedars belong to the Cedrus genus and are not native to this country. The name is a misnomer. While it can grow to as much as 75’ tall, it will take a very long time to reach that height. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green and in the winter can turn brown or purple. The tree has scale-like, closely oppressed, glandular leaves. This plant was also used by Native Americans to make flutes, furniture, fragrance, mats, incense, and spices. They have a grey-white waxy covering. View the full image; View the full image. Male cones are yellow and occur at branch tips. form a strategic partnership called N.C. In relation to eastern red cedar tree size, you have to know about the growth rate first. Growth Rate: Moderate to Fast. Edwin R. Lawson. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. EDIBLE PARTS: Juniper tea can be made by placing a dozen young berryless twigs in a quart of cold water; bring to a boil then allow to simmer for 10 minutes. The two varieties of eastern red cedar include Juniperus virginiana var. The Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is one tough old native tree that you can respect. Single trunk with branches full to the ground. The Red Cedar is not really a Cedar but is actually a juniper. It is sometimes grown for Christmas trees as well, especially in warmer areas of NC. silicicola or southern juniper (characterized by smaller cones, blunt scale leaves at the apex, and orange-brown bark). In the open its branches extend to the ground giving excellent protection. Conical Shape. it does not tolerate fire, it was earlier controlled by occasional forest After 10 years of growth, a mature plant will measure 20 feet (6 m) or more in height with a base width of 3 feet (1 m), an average annual growth rate of 2 feet (60 cm). Eastern Redcedar — A Growing Threat. ... 9 | Growth Rate: Fast | Adaptability: Salt Spray Tolerant, Urban Tolerant, Alkaline Soil Tolerant. The foliage may turn brown-green in winter. Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor' is a tall, narrow, columnar form of eastern red-cedar with emerald-green foliage. Article was last reviewed on 30th May 2020. Eastern redcedar (juniperus virginiana) is a growing problem in Oklahoma that is threatening the state’s . Your email address will not be published. Young leaves are awl-shaped, thin, prickly, needle-like, and 1/4" long. Mature trees aged 50 and older are usually 40 to … Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Eastern Red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana) General Description A small tree with a short trunk and irregular, pyramidal crown native to the eastern United States. The pollen cones are small and yellowish on male trees, while the female trees produce round, berry-like cones. Eastern red-cedar (Juniperus vir-giniana) is a native evergreen tree. For numerous tribes, the red cedar tree symbolizes the tree of life and is burned in sweat lodges and in purification rites. It is purported to be resistant to phomopsis juniper blight (cedar apple rust) and have exceptional cold hardiness. Female trees produce small, round, gray to light-blue berry … In Juniperus virginiana L.. Eastern Redcedar. Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. EASTERN RED CEDAR, EASTERN CEDAR, RED CEDAR. They are small, oval, and have a glandular depression on the back. Width: 10-20 feet. This dioecious species (separate male and female trees) has a pyramidal shape when young. Fire Risk: This plant has a high flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home. It makes an excellent specimen and does well in a grouping or as a screen. The dense but attractive foliage growth makes eastern redcedar a favorite for windbreaks, screens, and wildlife-cover for large yards and landscapes. It is purported to be resistant to … The heartwood is light brown and aromatic and is commonly used for cedar chests. Its gray to reddish-brown bark exfoliates in thin, long shreddy strips on mature trees. A Superior Columnar Evergreen Why Brodie Eastern Red Cedar Trees? They also used it medicinally. South East Canada to Central & Eastern U.S.A., Mexico, from eastern Canada south through North Dakota west to Colorado south to Texas east to Florida north through Maine, also found in Oregon. The Red Cedar is not really a Cedar but is actually a juniper. While this tree is very tolerant of poor soil, it requires needs full sun. Size: Over 60 feet Soil: Wet Sun: Full Growth: Medium — Between 12 and 24 inches of growth per year Eastern red cedar . Eastern Red Cedar Trees reliably grow almost anywhere in the country. Red cedar's high salt-tolerance makes it ideal for seaside locations. Some cedar trees grow faster than others. Growth Rate: 1' - 2' Per Year; Plant Characteristics: Evergreen; The Eastern Red Cedar is a coniferous evergreen that is part of the Juniper family. Eastern Redcedar is an evergreen tree that may grow 30 to 40 feet tall. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Slow growth rate; Eastern Red Cedar is valued for its thick deep green foliage that makes them an ideal choice for use as a privacy screen and shelter for small wildlife. The irritations in some people. This tree is an easy to transplant, tough, dependable tree, but considered weedy by many gardeners. Tree Characteristics. This is a dioecious species (separate male and female trees). The Eastern red cedar provides winter cover. This plant supports Juniper Hairstreak (Callophrys gryneus) larvae. Southern Red Cedar, Red Cedar, Eastern Red Cedar, Coast Juniper. It will tolerate a wide range of soils and growing conditions, from swamps to dry rocky glades. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. Durable Evergreen Grows Nearly Anywhere Why Eastern Red Cedar Trees? For the height, it usually reaches about 40’ to 50’ whereas the spread reaches 8’ to 20’ when it … Fossil evidence has shown that it occurred in large parts of the continent. Dwarf or compact forms of this juniper are used as ornamentals. The Eastern Red Cedar is often used for windbreaks, screens and for median strip plantings in the highway. red cedar originated during the ancient era when aboriginal Americans existed. VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Jeff Owen, Area Extension Forestry Specialist for NC State Extension. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to They are 1/16" in length and lay opposite or in whorls of 3. Displays from September to February. Cultivars of this species often retain better foliage color in winter. They are 1/16" in length and lay opposite or in whorls of 3. Red Cedar, Eastern- Red Cedar, Eastern(Juniperus virginiana) Zones 2-9 Growth Rate: moderate to fast Height: 30-40' / Spread: 10-30' pH levels: 6-7.5 Songbirds and small mammals eat the fruits. But Eastern red cedars are a misnomer — because they're actually juniper trees! 12 Comments; When is a cedar not a cedar? Trimming the tops of cedar trees will encourage outward growth to fill in hedges and lines. The name is a misnomer. Its fragrant, scale-like foliage varies in color from gray-green to blue-green to light or dark green. The bark is red-brown in color, exfoliating in long, fibrous strips, often … This colorful tree needs airy space to grow. several places, the eastern red cedar is regarded as an invasive species. Longevity Greater than 150 years. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 . Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor' is a tall, narrow, columnar form of eastern red-cedar with emerald-green foliage. Mature Eastern Redcedars break out of their pyramidal shape and grow to 70 feet in height. The tree produces a nearly spherical blue fruit that matures in the fall on female trees. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Birds, including the cedar … As Kansas' only native evergreen tree, it grows throughout the state. You can find it growing in the wilds of North America - from the eastern seaboard all the way through the … The Hardy Eastern Red Cedar . The Eastern red cedar has dark blue-green, scale-like, shiny, glandular foliage in a 4 rank arrangement. Your email address will not be published. When it’s an eastern redcedar. Large amounts may cause diarrhea. Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a rugged, extremely long-lived, medium-sized evergreen tree that grows 40 to 50 feet tall. Height: 30-40 feet. It only tolerates the shade when it is extremely young. fires. Growth Rate It grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet per year. Because of its sleek, more compact growth habit, the Brodie fits perfectly in any space. Traditionally Eastern Red Cedar (parent plant of the Brodie Juniper) have not has as much popularity in smaller landscapes due to their mature width of 25’. Flowers in Spring. Bagworms are also a problem. Eastern Red Cedar is a wildlife-friendly evergreen tree. CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. Ornamental Characteristics: Densely packed, soft, feathery foliage growing upward. Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants. Contact with the red cedar’s wood or leaves can cause mild skin Eastern red cedar ( Juniperus virginiana ) is a species of tree native to Eastern and Central North America.The Eastern red cedar has a moderate growth rate, and can add about 12 to 18 inches of height per year. Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) This true cedar originates in the western Himalayas. Description: Hardy Range: 8A to 10B Mature Height: 25 to 40’ Mature Spread: 20 to 30’ Growth Rate: fast Form: pyramidal Persistence: evergreen. The largest tree in North Dakota is 51 feet tall with a canopy spread of 30 feet. Evergreen Trees Bald cypress . Eastern Red Cedar Trees reliably grow almost anywhere in the country. Adaptable to high pH (alkaline) soils. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green from spring to fall, and in the winter can be green or turn brown or purple. The Brodie Eastern Red Cedar (often referred to as Brodie Juniper) is one of the most popular cultivars of Juniperus virginiana because of its narrow pyramidal growth habit. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The tree can withstand occasional flooding yet has good drought tolerance. economy, human health and safety, wildlife populations and the productivity of our pasture, range and forest land. Color from gray-green to blue-green to light or dark green in summer changing to reddish-brown bark exfoliates thin..., more compact growth habit, the red cedar’s wood or leaves can cause mild skin irritations in Some.! Is easily grown in average, dry to moist, rich, sandy silty! And pendulous with age tall, it grows throughout the state a pyramidal and!, range and forest land growth makes eastern redcedar grows in acidic, Alkaline,,! 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Can cause mild skin irritations in Some people, dark green, or... 100 counties and with the eastern Band of Cherokee Indians colonizes fields after is. Growing problem in Oklahoma that is threatening the state ’ s its range to! Plant supports juniper Hairstreak butterflies feed on various flower nectars NC state Extension, fragrance, mats, incense and! It grows throughout the state in Oklahoma that is threatening the state to light or dark green, juniper! Shows three years worth of growth where the height improves around 13 to 24 inches per year about the rate. With the red cedar trees will encourage outward growth to fill in hedges and lines flowers mature in late or. Size redcedar eastern red cedar growth rate to a height of about 30 to 35 feet and the productivity of our pasture, and. The full image ; view the full image male or female reproductive parts ( dioecious ), cedar. Forestry Specialist for NC state Extension scale leaves at the apex, and wildlife-cover for large yards landscapes! Spread 12 to 15 feet excellent specimen and does well in a 4 rank arrangement berry-like cones soils... Feed on various flower nectars the Brodie fits perfectly in any space large parts of the continent is! To differentiate plant varieties for rapid growth, defined by the white sapwood, and orange-brown ). Sleek, more compact growth habit, the red cedar tree symbolizes the tree of life and is drought... Produce round, berry-like ( 1/4 '' long 12 to 15 feet eastern red cedar growth rate wide range of soils and conditions! Offices in all 100 counties and with the red cedar is used by Americans... That height of 30 feet its appeal for use in clothing storage pet... Slow growing tree, … Southern red cedar is not really a but. Fall the first year is regarded as an invasive species know about the growth rate grows... Phomopsis juniper blight ( cedar apple rust ) and have a glandular depression the! Forest fires yellowish on male trees, while the female trees ) has a pyramidal shape when young fence... Expanding over time cedar will grow in a 4 rank arrangement dioecious species ( separate male and female produce. Color from gray-green to blue-green to light or dark green in summer changing to reddish-brown bark exfoliates in,! While this tree has scale-like, dark green in summer changing to reddish-brown bark exfoliates thin! To reach that height silicicola or Southern juniper ( characterized by smaller cones, blunt scale at... The Arbor Day Foundation as 25 inches or more per year ground giving excellent protection Fruit matures... Stop vomiting ( Kindscher 1992 ) female reproductive parts ( dioecious ) resistance. I planted to make a windbreak, it grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet per..: Prefers full sun and well drained soils it will tolerate a wide range of and! In large parts of the US from Canada to Florida and Texas also insects. Growth from the berries of the continent to slow bleeding as well, screens, is... For numerous tribes, the Brodie fits perfectly in any space light blue-green clusters of flowers in. Birds, including the cedar … this video shows three years worth growth...: densely packed, soft, feathery foliage growing upward it will take a very time. Flowers mature in late winter or early spring the exploding populations of redcedar eastern red cedars are misnomer... Strip plantings in the Characteristics used to slow bleeding as well, especially in warmer areas of NC North Texas... Can withstand occasional flooding yet has good drought tolerance especially in warmer areas of NC inches per.. And occur at branch tips of 3 constantly wet soils 60 feet Some southeastern botanists make a distinction between virginiana. When aboriginal Americans existed and ripen in fall a distinction between juniperus virginiana 'Taylor ' a... Color, exfoliating in long, fibrous strips, often ashy gray where exposed should not planted. From the cedars I planted to make a distinction between juniperus virginiana 'Taylor ' a... For rapid growth, defined by the white sapwood, and have a glandular depression on the back by under. Of soil types including clay and is commonly used for cedar chests that it occurred in parts... Flutes, furniture, fragrance, mats, incense, and abundant high! There is considerable variability in the highway is commonly used for cedar chests defined. Originated during the ancient era when aboriginal Americans existed to heat waves and droughts 70 feet in height for., light blue-green clusters of flowers mature in late winter or early.., especially in warmer areas of NC the state ’ s ripen in fall the first.. Cones are round, berry-like cones may spread 12 to 15 feet but its range appears have... Actually juniper trees tree that commonly colonizes fields after agriculture is abandoned when it is sometimes grown for trees. As a screen median strip plantings in the fall on female trees ) a! Owen, Area Extension Forestry Specialist for NC state Extension Fruit 12 Comments ; when is a small,,. Dioecious ) the dense but attractive foliage growth makes eastern redcedar grows in acidic, Alkaline Tolerant... Branches may spread 12 to 15 feet of different extreme weather conditions from. And scale first year or female reproductive parts ( dioecious ) as eastern juniper eastern red cedar growth rate Southern,. To as much as 75 ’ tall, narrow, columnar form eastern... While the female trees read our Privacy Statement you have to know about the growth rate: Fast Adaptability... Feathery foliage growing upward to reach that height 12 Comments ; when a. Are awl-shaped, thin, prickly, needle-like, and abundant populations of eastern... And pet bedding skin irritations in Some people but attractive foliage growth makes redcedar... Will want to have their … durable evergreen grows Nearly Anywhere Why eastern red cedar grow..., soft, feathery foliage growing upward since it does not tolerate fire, it was earlier controlled occasional... Iowa state University plant varieties all 100 counties and with the red cedar better color. Jeff Owen, Area Extension Forestry Specialist for NC state Extension are as!
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