If you wish to breed true tilapia in your aquarium, one of the easiest methods is to purchase a group of young tilapia raise them together, forming their own pairs as they reach sexual maturity. One Tilapia breeding colony consists of five fish (three females and two males), each carefully selected as healthy, mature fish that are ready to reproduce. Our breeder colonies consist of 5 females and 1 male. The scientific information on this site is subjected to an annual peer review for accuracy. Mozambique breeding colony, 1 male & 3 females 3 to 4 inches. As the name implies, she believes that she is the ruler of the colony. The female is feeling pressure and has decided that she doesn't want to spawn with the male. The PVC pyramid should be placed with the open ends facing the front of the aquarium, to keep the females out of the line of sight of the male, while he's at his flower pot. Also cover the filtration inlet with a fine mesh netting to prevent eggs and fry from getting sucked in. Set up an aquarium that is at least 6 times longer than the length of your male. We urge you to read the more in-depth explanations that follow this quick start checklist. Blue tilapia breeding colonies spawn more readily when they are given lots of territory. And most importantly, you will be able to determine the exact date that your female(s) begin to carry eggs. This gives them the ability to change colors, signaling the female that they are in the "breeding spirit". Filtration inlets and returns can go anywhere in the aquarium, except at the end with the flower pot. Other methods of tilapia breeding, that are mentioned here for completeness, but aren't a part of this guide are: The clear glass of the aquarium allows you to constantly monitor the activity of your tilapia breeding colony. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. If you put two males with a genetic propensity to breed in the same tank, they will focus on killing one another until one is dead, no ifs ands or buts. For this reason, we recommend that you consider using an aquarium that is at least 48 inches long. Feed no more than 1/2 teaspoon per day to the whole colony to minimize growth. Some species breed more actively than others. Female can lay eggs every 2-3 weeks. You can easily breed them in a home aquarium! We say that these are "possible" because they appeared on the Internet a few years ago absent any scientific study or documentation, however the results are hypothetically possible. This aquarium needs to be fully equipped with filtration and an air stone. The key to Tilapia farming at home is the "breeder colony". At least as important as the readiness of the species to breed, and arguably even more important, is the purity of the species. Feed: For breeding tilapia, start with 1/2 teaspoon of Purina AquaMax Fingerling Starter 300 per day for the entire colony. Carefully move the female to an aquarium that is at least 3 times her length. WILL SHIP IN 1-2 BUSINESS DAYS. A far superior cross that was developed in the late 50's, and brought to the United States in the late 70's, is a predominantly-male cross between specially culled strains of Wami and Mozambique. You will be able to witness aggressive behavior, and position additional retreats if necessary. You will be able to see any injuries while there is still time to treat. At the opposite end of the aquarium, as far away from the flower pot as possible, place a 2" cylinder air stone. Within seconds, they are gone. And in this website I'll show you how you can turn your backyard into a Tilapia farm! In addition, the water temperature plays an important role in the incubation period of fertilized eggs. There are five species of pure strain tilapia common to tilapia breeding in the United States. Keep the fish in a But my male is a really aggressive jerk… so I ended up going up to 6 females to split up the harassment between more fish. Of course, it would take about 20 more years before tilapia farming took hold in the United States, so there was plenty of time to cull each species for the most desirable traits. Other information, statements and claims are evaluated for honesty by the AAGA&C. It should also be noted that she may feel the need to evacuate her egg sack before it is completely filled, giving the impression to the fish keeper that she is producing more eggs than other females, but it's just fewer eggs more frequently. Please note that tilapia will outgrow a minimally sized aquarium very fast. After all, the fish themselves are only worth about $2 each and the shipping is included in the price. And in this website I'll show you how you can turn your backyard into a Tilapia farm! Related Items. Nobody knows for sure how a female with the propensity to breed arrives at her decision, but many experts agree that her actions are primarily based on environmental conditions and perceived threats to the survival of her species. In the middle of the aquarium, place 5 sections of PVC pipe that are at least 1.5 times as long as your females. These will produce all-natural, mixed-sex fingerlings. Tilapia females use mouth feel to determine if their eggs are properly fertilized. But my male is a really aggressive jerk… so I ended up going up to 6 females to split up the harassment between more fish. Set your breeding aquarium temperature to 85º. Note: The next three steps are intended for casual breeders. All three held their eggs for about 7 days, then spit them out, and the eggs didn’t look like they had developed much. Pond - Including ponds with cages and pens. Consider Nile a close second because what they lack due to their intolerance to cold water, they almost make up for with their ability to survive in poor water conditions, making them a good choice for the absentee tilapia farmer. As far as cross breeding tilapia, the first and most famous hybrid is the Red tilapia. Do not rely on test strips, use an electronic pH meter for testing. Each female have about 500-1000 frys each time (see picture). She has decided to spawn with the male. You will be able to see any injuries while there is still time to treat. Normally they will swallow any unfertilized eggs. Trade secret: If a colony gets too comfortable, they are content to swim around thinking about their next easy meal, but if they get too stressed they won't breed at all. You simply cannot have two bull males in the herd (think elk). Blue tilapia are by far the easiest to manage for breeding purposes, as well as the most appropriate species for our overall average climate. You will be able to witness aggressive behavior, and position additional retreats if necessary. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Add to Cart. This can result in catastrophic financial losses to tilapia farmers. Double check your pH to make sure it is exactly 8.0, and make sure that your water temperature is 85 degrees. Improper naming causes confusion that leads to misidentification of tilapia, contamination of genetic lines, and unreliable rearing and harvesting parameters. If you want more information on red tilapia, check out our tilapia myths page. Thank you for your consideration. Important Point: To cull a species simply means to take away undesirable traits from each subsequent generation by only breeding pairs with desirable traits. the diameter of the PVC pipe should be 1.5 times the height of the female with her dorsal (top) fin retracted. Eventually, the female will go to his prepared spot and bear down on her egg sack, pushing out a few eggs while the male guards the entrance. Now let's explore the flip-side. Done properly, it takes many years to bring a naturally occurring trait into dominance. In fact, most tilapia males are not driven to procreate at all. So let's explore evacuation first. A blue tilapia breeding colony is more of a service than a product. I will answer all your question. Breeding tilapia will stop gaining weight and if unmanaged, can cause all kinds of trouble. Proven blue tilapia breeding colony: 1 male 8" and 4 females 5"-6" Blue tilapia is the easiest to breed. You can easily breed them in a home aquarium! The female produces eggs as an involuntary biological process and they are stored in the egg sack. Unfortunately, people don't do this. The trick is to keep them "thinking" that there is an imminent threat to their numbers so that they are driven to procreate for the survival of their species. Keep the fish in a suitable environment, and feed them a nutritious diet. At 85 degrees fahrenheit it takes about 48 hours for the eggs to form tails. Interesting point: For laboratory study, when controlling the exact time of fertilization is required, we can remove the eggs and sperm from the tilapia and then combine them in a beaker. So if you have one breeding male in a two male colony, the non-breeding male is taking up space at the very least, or interrupting breeding at the worst. We appreciate the opportunity to serve you! I recommend using a digital pH meter instead of test strips. Blue Tilapia Fingerlings in different quantities and Breeding colony (1 male, 5 female) Nile Tilapia The same fingerlings and breeding, but we don’t have any to sell yet; Blue & Nile tilapia breeding colonies are 1 male and 5 females. Tilapia is a popular fish for aquaculture as it is very versatile and is tolerant of a variety of aquaculture environments; it can be farmed in brackish or salt water and also in pond or cage systems. Note: For the purposes of these instructions, consider a newly breeding male as four inches long. Keep the temperature in the mothers aquarium at 85º. Because you said that your females were carrying eggs for seven days, I'd be more inclined to blame the water temperature and/or pH. I have some vision problems which make sexing a 4 inch Tilapia nearly impossible so I simply. The reason for this seems to be rooted in temperaments between these two species. Purchasing a breeding colony will jumpstart your return on investment, allowing you to quickly achieve your goal of raising Tilapia… If it was just one of each, it would most likely be called a breeding pair, or couple. Wait two days before proceeding to the next step. Whether you are purchasing our fish for aquaponics, aquariums, ponds, or as a food source, please don't hesitate to reach out to us. Basically a male, and two or more female tilapia, constitute a breeding colony. were carrying eggs. After he leaves, she will go back inside and pick up the eggs into her mouth then turn around and push out a few more. Our breeder colonies consist of 5 females and 1 male. Pure strain Blue Tilapia breeding colony, 2 male & 4 females 3 to 6 inches. Stack and glue the PVC sections into a pyramid shape using PVC cement. When your female is carrying eggs she will look as if she's sucking on a jawbreaker. I’ve had my breeder colony for just over 10 weeks now, and 3 of my females have been holding eggs within the last 2 ½ weeks. Breeding tilapia will stop gaining weight and if unmanaged, can cause all kinds of trouble. Current Offer: Diet/Powder Products Get FREE Shipping >> View Qualifying Products Here, Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …, Mailing Address:114 Allgood CircleSuite107St. For example, If you cross a male Nile, with a female Blue, scientifically speaking, the offspring should be called "blank" Nile Hybrid Tilapia, where the "blank" is any word that you choose. Because you said that your females were carrying eggs for seven days, I'd be more inclined to blame the water temperature and/or pH. These will produce all-natural, mixed-sex fingerlings. As the egg sack fills, the female begins to bloat and she starts to feel some internal pressure. The most common breed of tilapia farmed around the world is the Nile tilapia, which accounts for roughly 75 per cent of farmed tilapia. Packaging & Shipping $69.00 per colony. Now she has to make a decision: either propagate or evacuate. You can make a good substitute for professional fry food by crushing AquaMax 300 into a powder. White Nile Tilapia … By the next day, the male was obvious and at 7 days, 2 of the females. Many people are confused about the scientific naming of hybrids. The clear glass of the aquarium allows you to constantly monitor the activity of your tilapia breeding colony. Inside of a female tilapia there is an egg sack that can hold approximately four eggs for every gram of her body weight. © 2020 Tilapia Depot #AQ5265035. But aside of the nomenclature, a breeding colony is called such because it consists of several members. Blue Tilapia Breeding Colony. Now is a really good time for you to read our page on tilapia genetics. Is it possible that my male is not mature enough to fertilize the eggs yet? Give her a section of PVC pipe to hide in. For this guide we will focus on just one type of tilapia breeding, known as aquarium breeding. Fill the aquarium with dechlorinated water. Do not feed her during this period. She may even mimic the coloration of the male and take up residence in the lair in an effort to fool everyone that she is a male. Not all tilapia have a natural tendency to spawn. Mozambique would have to be the third pure strain species of choice, but only because Wami tilapia are incredibly finicky, and there's only very limited data on breeding Zilli tilapia. A lot of people call this a "Red Nile" but it's no more Nile than it is Cocker Spaniel. The results of these efforts are the Wami hybrids that we have today. Important point: One of the most common problems in tilapia breeding is the alpha female. It is by far the easiest method of breeding tilapia fingerlings for use in aquaponics, fish farming, and other recirculating aquaculture systems. Tilapi… She won't open her mouth to breathe, and she will not eat when you feed her companions. This colony is breeding like crazy in my 55 gallons tank. By the seventh day, the fry are venturing out of their mother's mouth and exploring the world. These steps represent just one of the many tilapia breeding methods. It will help you understand tilapia breeding colony species selection better than anything that we could re-write on this page. The key to Tilapia farming at home is the "breeder colony". This is commonly done to compare how different species respond to specific conditions or feed ingredients at various stages of growth. The female will carry the fertilized eggs in her mouth while they incubate. Blue Tilapia Fingerlings in different quantities and Breeding colony (1 male, 5 female) Nile Tilapia The same fingerlings and breeding, but we don’t have any to sell yet; Blue & Nile tilapia breeding colonies are 1 male and 5 females. Of course, as any aquarist can tell you, every fish has its own unique "personality"; but generally speaking, the more harmonious the females and the more aggressive the male, the more reliable the spawning, and the more likely that the eggs will survive into fry. So seriously, go read it and come back. Feed your breeding colony a high protein diet. The following instructions are designed to get you up and running fast. The goal is to keep them as small as possible for as long as possible . I just started a breeding colony; I have 1 male and started with 4 females. Instead, they drop that inconvenient "hybrid" word, and just go with names like Lakeway Nile tilapia. Genetic diversity and inbreeding is avoided by preventing spawning with previous generations. All that is left for her to do is bear down and push her eggs out into the water. Qty. A breeder colony consists of two males and four females, with their average length of about four inches. Many amateur fish keepers make the mistake of labeling a non-productive male as being "impotent", which would indicate that the male was unable to spawn, but it's not that simple. She may also perceive the male as weak and she doesn't want her offspring to inherit his inferior traits. Be careful to not create a water flow through the flower pot with your filtration return, as it will sweep out the eggs, while the male attempts to fertilize them. MONDAY THROUGH WEDNESDAY. So what are you actually paying for? It is thought that this is an instinctual self-defense behavior. Other hybrid crosses that get some mention on the Internet are "White Nile", which is a possible hybrid cross between a Blue female and a Nile male; and the Hawaiian gold, which is a possible line of Mozambique. By seven days, they should be swimming in and out of their mother's mouth, and by day ten, she should be refusing to allow them to re-enter her mouth. 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