So, to make your selection easier, we decided to take four of the very best cultivars available, including the Burbank, Stanley, Santa Rosa, and MT … This plum variety is a great all-rounder as it’s one of the most versatile types of black plum you can grow. Sometimes dark-skinned Moyer plums are sold as Italian prunes or French prunes. This freestone plum variety has green-amber juicy flesh that turns a deep fuchsia color when cooked. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Santa Rosa plums are suitable for many uses, including eating fresh or using in baked goods. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Plum Varieties . Elephant Heart plum. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. Their high sugar content means that these round fruits are excellent for making jellies, jams, and baked goods. It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. Plums are related to other drupes such as apricots, peaches, and nectarines. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. Many of the fresh plums sold in stores and supermarkets are types of Japanese black plums. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! Plums are typically categorized by European, Japanese, hybrid and American types. We carry two main groups of plums: Japanese and European. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. To help you out in discovering different types of plums, keep on reading this blog post. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. There are different types and varieties of plums for every taste. Plum Varieties. Here’s a brief description of these plum hybrids: Let’s look in more detail at the various types of plums that are common in local stores. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? Mexican Plum. Plum Tree Varieties Cherry Plum. Growers can cross these types of fruits to create new types of deliciously sweet stone fruits. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. The French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that is ready for harvesting in late summer. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. The firm flesh and tart skin holds up well in cooking and baking. China is the world’s largest producers of plums. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. Damsons are usually ripe for harvesting from late August until October. The dark, smokey skin has hues of purple and light blue that covers dark amber flesh. The dark-red skin covers golden-yellow flesh that has a pleasantly sweet flavor. Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. Dried plums are called prunes. Plums are widely cultivated throughout the world, and many varieties are adapted to a range of soils and climatic conditions. One of the beauties of ‘Black Splendor’ plums is that they are a large variety of plum that ripens early in the season. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. Four Different Plums On A Single Tree When it comes to beautiful plum trees and the mouth-watering fruit they bear, there are several great varieties to choose from. The cherry plum tree (Prunus cerasifera) reaches between 15 and 20 feet in height with similar spreads. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. Flavorful light-skinned plums—like Greengage—had been mostly replaced by larger, darker fruits, which hide bruises. The Japanese plum tree produces juicer plums, but the flavor of the fruits is less sweet than the European plums. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. Dried prune plums are available both with and without pits, and … CAMBRIDGE GAGE. European plums will grow where it's neither too cold nor too hot. As you will see, there are several options for this fruit, in addition to the typical purple or red ones. According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. What is more incredible is that by utilizing black plums in your dishes, the dark skin spreads out a pretty purple color in the entire dish. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. However, in actuality, the cultivation of plums began in East European and Caucasian mountains near the Caspian Sea. Blufre (or 'Blue Free') plums are a dark blue-black with a firm, greenish yellow flesh. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. During this time, more than three hundred varieties of plum tree appeared. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. One of two tomato varieties that inspired the creation of the Seed Savers Exchange. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. Plum are the one of the first fruit cultivated by humans. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … The maroon skins on this plum variety tend to be firm and tough with a sour flavor. Plum Nutritional Chart. Moyer plums tend to ripen late in the season. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. We recommend it for … These delicious plums are best eaten fresh due to their juicy flesh. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. The Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia), sometimes called the sandhill plum, features black bark, red branches and green leaves that turn light yellow in the autumn. During this time, more than three hundred varieties of plum tree appeared. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. Cutting open the soft skin reveals sweet amber flesh and a stone in the middle. Plum Varieties. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). These dark oval plums are medium to large size and are another popular variety for eating fresh. Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. These Japanese plums tend to be larger in size than European red plums. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. CZAR. Damsons are a popular dark-skinned European variety of plum that has tart-flavored flesh and skin. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. Mirabelle plums look similar to apricots as they have bright yellow-orangey skins. They are oval shaped and have soft skin and sweet flesh. These plum varieties are somewhat shy bearing but its fruits have a very good quality. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. Two popular types of Japanese plum trees are the Satsuma and the Santa Rosa. And not the last place in this series is the plum Mirabel. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. These plum varieties grow best in areas where peach trees thrive, and are considered more fragile than the other two kinds of plum trees. Search AC Nursery. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. The Mexican plum tree (Prunus mexicana), also called the bigtree plum, naturally occurs in the woods and... Chickasaw Plum. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. If the flesh feels hard or doesn’t give slightly, you need to wait until it ripens. It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. There are tons of plum varieties to choose from. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh color rather than by name. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Varieties from Around the World (With Pictures and N... Types of Red Berries That Grow on Trees or Shrubs: Identification Guide with Pictures and Names, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More Peach Stone Types, Types of Cauliflower: Delicious Cauliflower Varieties From Around the World (With Images), Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. The common European plum ( P. domestica ) probably originated in the region around the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea and is at least 2,000 years old. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. Quince. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Maturity Chart. 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These have their uses, including eating fresh, most of which originated in … elephant heart are! In lighter tones of yellow plums when they become mature few popular types of plums are.
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